- Scrutiny• Definitions for the term as variously employed in canon law
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- ScrutinyScrutiny† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Scrutiny(Lat. scrutinium from scrutari to search, to investigate)A term variously employed in canon law.(1) In promotion to orders a scrutiny or examination of the candidate is to be made according to the warning of the Apostle: "Impose not hands lightly upon any man" (I Tim., v 22). That the practice is ancient is testified to by St. Cyprian (who died in 258) in his thirty-eighth epistle. The ninth canon of the Council of Nicæa (325) supposes the scrutiny of candidates to be already in use. Many later synods enforced and defined more exactly this scrutiny of those who aspired to orders. The present discipline is laid down by the Council of Trent (Sess. XXIII, Cap. v, de ref.), though its observance in every detail has not been reduced to practice in all countries. A three-fold scrutiny is ordered: first, through the inquiry into the qualities of the candidates by the parish priest and teachers and by public proclamation in the Church. The information thus obtained is to be embodied in a testimonial letter to the bishop. Secondly, shortly before ordination through the bishop himself and ecclesiastical persons appointed to examine into the morals, faith, and doctrine of the candidates. Thirdly, through the ceremonial form prescribed by the Pontificale Romanum for the ordination of a deacon ( see Deacons ) or priest.(2) Scrutiny is also a form of ecclesiastical election and is made either by written ballot or by pronouncing the chosen name before legitimate scrutators alone. It is the usual form for electing the pope.(3) Scrutiny is also the term for the examination of catechumens before baptism. In ancient times there were three such scrutinies and later on the number was increased to seven. From the Middle Ages onwards owing to the fact that most who received baptism were infants the prescribed scrutinies were reduced to that now found in the ritual for conferring baptism. The subject-matter of these scrutinies was the faith and dispositions of the candidate.WERNZ, Jus Decretalium, II (Rome, 1899).WILLIAM H.W. FANNINGTranscribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus Christ
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Scrutiny — (Fr. scrutin , Late Lat. scrutinium , from scrutari , to search or examine thoroughly) is a careful examination or inquiry (often implying the search for a likely mistake or failure). It has a particular meaning in the Roman Catholc Church.The… … Wikipedia
Scrutiny — Scru ti*ny, n. [L. scrutinium, fr. scrutari to search carefully, originally, to search even to the rags, fr. scruta trash, trumpery; perhaps akin to E. shred: cf. AS. scrudnian to make scrutiny.] 1. Close examination; minute inspection; critical… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
scrutiny — scru·ti·ny / skrüt ən ē/ n pl nies: searching study or inquiry; specif: judicial investigation of the constitutionality of a statutory classification of persons under the equal protection clause of the U.S. Constitution see also intermediate 2,… … Law dictionary
scrutiny — UK US /ˈskruːtɪni/ noun [U] ► the careful and detailed examination of something in order to get information about it: be subjected to/come under scrutiny »The figures are likely to come under close scrutiny … Financial and business terms
Scrutiny — Scru ti*ny, v. t. To scrutinize. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Scrutiny — [ skruːtɪnɪ; englisch »Musterung«, »Prüfung«], einflussreiche englische Literatur und Kulturzeitschrift, gegründet 1932 von Lionel Charles Knights (* 1906). Sie stand der Cambridger Kritikerschule um F. R. Leavis nahe, der zusammen mit seiner… … Universal-Lexikon
scrutiny — early 15c., a vote to choose someone to decide a question, from L.L. scrutinium a search, inquiry (in M.L., a mode of election by ballot ), from L. scrutari to examine, search (as through trash), from scruta (pl.) trash, rags (see SHRED (Cf.… … Etymology dictionary
scrutiny — *examination, scanning, inspection, audit (see under SCRUTINIZE) Analogous words: investigation, research, probe, *inquiry, inquisition: surveying or survey, observing or observation, viewing or view (see corresponding verbs at SEE) … New Dictionary of Synonyms
scrutiny — [n] close examination analysis, audit, close up, eagle eye*, exploration, inquiry, inspection, investigation, long hard look*, perlustration, perusal, review, scan, search, sifting, study, surveillance, survey, tab*, the eye*, view; concepts… … New thesaurus
scrutiny — ► NOUN (pl. scrutinies) ▪ close and critical observation or examination. ORIGIN Latin scrutinium, from scrutari sort rubbish , later to search … English terms dictionary