- Sexton• One who guards the church edifice, its treasures, vestments, etc., and as an inferior minister attends to burials, bell-ringings and similar offices about a church
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- SextonSexton† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Sexton(Old English Sexestein, sextein, through the French sacristain from Lat. sacrista).One who guards the church edifice, its treasures, vestments, etc., and as an inferior minister attends to burials, bell-ringings and similar offices about a church. In ancient times, the duties of the modern sexton, who is generally a layman, were part of the functions of the clerical order of ostiariatus. The clerics called ostiarii had the keys of the church committed to them and were responsible for the guardianship of the sacred edifice, the holy vessels, books, and vestments. They opened the church and summoned the faithful to the Divine Mysteries. Others of them were specially deputed to guard the bodies and shrines of the martyrs. According to the Council of Trent (Sees. XXIII, cap. xvii, De Ref.), the sexton or sacristan should be a cleric, but it allowed him to be a married man, pro=1Fvided he received the tonsure and wore the clerical dress. By custom, however, these conditions have ceased to be effective, and at present the office is usually held by a layman. In many cathedral churches, e.g. in Austria and Germany, the title of sacristan or custos is still held by a priest, who is generally one of the dignitaries of the cathedral chapter, and has supervision of the fabric of the cathedral and of the buildings that serve for the residences of canons and parochial vicars. This official has special charge of the cure of souls and sees also to the solemnizing of the great church festivals. He generally has an assistant, whose particular duty it is to watch over the performance of the Divine service in choir. According to a decision of the Roman Rota, the sacristan of a cathedral church should always be in priest's orders. In Rome the office of sacristan in the Apostolic palace is always committed to a member of the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine, by a Decree of Pope Alexander VI. The sacristan of the conclave ( see Conclave ) for the election of a new pope has all the privileges of the conclavists.Ferraris, Bibl. canonica, VII (Rome, 1891), s. v., Sacrista.WILLIAM H.W. FANNINGTranscribed by Nicolette Ormsbee
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Sexton — Nom anglais assez fréquent qui désigne un sacristain (sens de l anglais sexton ). En France, on rencontre des Sexton dans l Oise, je ne sais pas si l origine est la même … Noms de famille
Sexton — Sex ton, n. [OE. sextein, contr. fr. sacristan.] An under officer of a church, whose business is to take care of the church building and the vessels, vestments, etc., belonging to the church, to attend on the officiating clergyman, and to perform … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
sexton — index caretaker (one caring for property) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 … Law dictionary
sexton — c.1300, sekesteyn, person in charge of the sacred objects of a church, from O.Fr. segrestien, from M.L. sacristanus (see SACRISTAN (Cf. sacristan)). Sense of custodian of a church first recorded 1580s … Etymology dictionary
sexton — ► NOUN ▪ a person who looks after a church and churchyard, typically acting as bell ringer and gravedigger. ORIGIN Old French segrestein, from Latin sacristanus sacristan … English terms dictionary
sexton — [seks′tən] n. [ME sextein, altered < segerstane < OFr segrestain < ML sacristanus: see SACRISTAN] a church officer or employee in charge of the maintenance of church property: duties may include ringing the church bells and digging… … English World dictionary
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