- Sulpicius Severus• An ecclesiastical writer, born of noble parents in Aquitaine c. 360; died about 420-25
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Sulpicius SeverusSulpicius Severus† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Sulpicius SeverusAn ecclesiastical writer, born of noble parents in Aquitaine c. 360; died about 420-25. The scanty information which we possess concerning his life is derived mainly from the writings of his friend Paulinus of Nola and Gennadius. He enjoyed excellent educational advantages, studied jurisprudence, and was renowned as an eloquent lawyer. His marriage with the daughter of a wealthy consular family seemed to seal his earthly happiness. His wife, however, was snatched away by a premature death and shortly after 390 Severus renounced his brilliant career and followed his friend Paulinus into monastic retirement. Through this sudden change of life he incurred his father's displeasure, but was encouraged in his determination by his mother-in-law. He became a personal friend and enthusiastic disciple of St. Martin and lived near Eauze, at Toulouse and Luz in Southern France. His ordination to the priesthood is vouched for by Gennadius, but no details of his priestly activity have reached us. According to the same Gennadius he was caught in the toils of Pelagianism towards the close of his life and, upon discovering his error, subjected himself to lifelong silence in expiation of his imprudence in speech.The following works are undoubtedly genuine:♦ (1) "The Chronicle";♦ (2) "Life of St. Martin";♦ (3) two dialogues, formerly divided into three;♦ (4) three letters."The Chronicle" ("Chronicorum Libri duo" or "Historia sacra") extends from the creation of the world to A. D. 400, but omits the historical events recorded in the New-Testament writings. It was published in or after 403 and has been preserved in a single eleventh-century manuscript. It is a source of primary importance for the history of Priscillianism and contains considerable information respecting the Arian ( see Arianism ) controversy. More popular during the Middle Ages was his "Life of St. Martin", as were also the dialogues and letters which relate to the same subject. The biography was written during the lifetime of the saint, but was published only after his death. Like the dialogues, it abounds in miraculous events. Beside the, above-mentioned three letters, seven others have been attributed to Severus. These are rejected as spurious by some critics, whilst the genuineness of the first two is admitted, rightly it would seem, by others. The "World Chronicle" of the so-called Sulpicius Severus has nothing to do with the subject of this biography; it was written in Spain in the sixth century. Sulpicius Severus has been rightly styled the Christian Sallust; his diction, notably in the "Chronicle", is elegant and reminds the reader of the classical age.His works are to be found in P. L., XX, 95-248; later edition by HALM in Corpus script. eccl. lat., I (Vienna, 1866); BERNAYS, Uber die Chronik des Sulpicius Severus (Berlin, i861); BARDENHEWER, tr. SHAHAN, Patrology (St. Louis, 1908), 451-53; BENNETT in Dict. Christ. Biog., s. v. Severus (18).N. A. WEBER.Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Sulpicius Severus — (c. 363 ndash; between 420 and 425), wrote the earliest biography of Saint Martin of Tours. This work was begun during the lifetime of St. Martin, who died only in 397, and remained the most popular biography of that very popular saint.Sulpicius… … Wikipedia
Sulpicius Severus — (* um 363 in Aquitanien; † zwischen 420 und 425 in Südgallien) schrieb die erste Biografie des heiligen Martin von Tours. Leben Sulpicius Severus war ein aquitanischer Aristokrat, der für die Beamtenlaufbahn vorgesehen war. Er wurde in… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Sulpicius Severus — Sulpicius Severus, s. Severus … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
SULPICIUS SEVERUS° — (fourth century), Christian writer. Severus used the Bible and classical authors in his history of the world. He sees the siege of Jerusalem in 70 C.E. as divine retribution for the Jews part in the crucifixion of Jesus. He disagrees with… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Sulpicius Severus — Sulpicĭus Sevērus, christl. Geschichtschreiber, geb. um 365 in Aquitanien, Mönch und Priester, gest. um 425 in Massilia; schrieb einen Abriß der Welt und Kirchengeschichte bis 403: »Historia sacra« (hg. von Halm, 1866). – Vgl. Holder Egger (1875) … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Sulpicius Severus — Sulpicius Severus, lateinischer Kirchenschriftsteller, Mönch, * Aquitanien um 363, ✝ Südgallien um 420; verfasste unter christlichem Aspekt eine bis in seine Zeit reichende Weltchronik und eine Vita des Martin von Tours. Die Chronik gilt als… … Universal-Lexikon
Sulpicius Severus — ▪ Christian ascetic born c. 363, , Aquitania, Gaul died c. 420 early Christian ascetic, a chief authority for contemporary Gallo Roman history, who is considered the most graceful writer of his time. Well trained as a lawyer,… … Universalium
SULPICIUS SEVERUS — an ecclesiastical historian, born in Aquitaine; wrote a Historia Sacra, and a Life of St. Martin (363 406) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Sulpicius — war das Nomen der gens Sulpicia (oder Sulpicii, deutsch Sulpicier), einer alten patrizischen Familie im römischen Reich. Das Cognomen Camerinus ist bis zum 4. Jhd. sehr häufig, später entwickelten sich die Zweige der Rufii und Galbae. Aus dem… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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