Theobald

Theobald
Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1161)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Theobald
    Theobald
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Theobald
    (TEDBALD.)
    Archbishop of Canterbury; d. 18 April, 1161. He was a Norman by descent and became a Benedictine monk at Bec late in the eleventh or early in the twelfth century. In 1127 he was made prior, and abbot in 1137. On 28 Dec., 1138, he was elected archbishop and was consecrated on 8 January following. He went to Rome for his pallium and took part in the second Lateran Council. He proved a wise and capable prelate, devout in his private life, charitable, and a lover of learning. During the civil war he adhered to King Stephen, whom he crowned, though for a time he was at the Empress Maud's court, and always worked for the Angevin succession.
    In his household, he collected many young men of ability, including his successor St. Thomas of Canterbury, and he encouraged the formation of scholars and statesmen of a new type. He was the first to introduce civil law into England, and founded a law school at Canterbury, inducing the famous jurist Roger Vacarius to come and lecture there. This introduction of Roman law had important effects on the fortunes of the common law of England, and incidentally led to the establishment of the Inns of Court to maintain the national body of law against the newly introduced code. Theobald suffered many difficulties owing to the appointment of his suffragan bishop, Henry of Winchester, as legate. Among these was the appointment of St. William of York as archbishop of that see, which Theobald felt bound to oppose. Celestine II did not reappoint Henry of Blois as legate and finally in 1150, or possibly before, Theobald was named legate by Blessed Eugene III, probably on the recommendation of St. Bernard (Ep. 238).
    When the pope summoned the English bishops to a council at Reims the king forbade them to go, whereupon Theobald defied the king and went. Though he saved the king from excommunication, his property was confiscated and he was banished. The pope then put England under interdict, which was disregarded except in Canterbury, and finally the king and archbishop were reconciled in 1148. In 1151 Theobald held a legatine council in London. In the following year, acting on papal authority, he refused to crown Eustace, the king's son, and was again compelled to seek flight. While in Normandy he reconciled Henry of Anjou to Stephen, with the result that in 1153 the Treaty of Wallingford ended the Civil War. On Stephen's death Theobald crowned Henry II, and during the rest of his life, though not without anxiety for the future of the Church, he maintained good relations with the Court, especially with his former disciple Thomas, who had now become chancellor. He expressed to John of Salisbury his hope that Thomas would succeed him. Throughout his pontificate he had continual trouble with the monks of Christchurch, but in every instance his action was justified finally. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, where eighteen years afterwards his body was found incorrupt.
    The Chronicles of GERVASE OF CANTERBURY, WILLIAM OF MALMESBURY, RALPH DE DICETO, HENRY OF HUNTINGDON, GIRALDUS CAMBRESIS in Rolls Series, and many other medieval chroniclers including HOWLETT, Chronicles of the reigns of Stephen, Henry II, etc. in R. S. (London, 1884-9); Materials for the History of St. Thomas a Becket in R. S. (London, 1875-85); MILO, Vita Theobaldi in P.L., CL., 734; Theobaldi Cantuariensis Episcopi Epistolae et Testamentum in P.L., CXCIX, and CXC; BERINGTON, History of Henry II (London, 1790); LINGARD, History of England (London, 1819-30); HOOK, Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury (London, 1860- 84); HARDY, Descriptive Catalogue, II (London, 1865); NORGATE, England under the Angevin Kings (London, 1887); HUNT in Dict. Nat. Biog., s. v.
    EDWIN BURTON
    Transcribed by Herman F. Holbrook Ut in omnibus glorificetur Deus per Iesum Christum

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Theobald I. — Theobald I. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Theobald I. (Blois) (genannt der Betrüger; 910–975), Vizegraf von Blois und Tours Theobald I. (Champagne) ( 1010–1089), Graf von Blois und Graf von Meaux, Troyes Theobald I. (Bar) ( 1158–1214), Graf von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theobald II. — Theobald II. bezeichnet folgende Personen: Theobald II. (Blois) ( 980–1004), Graf von Blois Theobald II. (Champagne) (1093–1152), Graf von Blois und Graf von Troyes Theobald II. (Bar) (1221–1291), Graf von Bar Theobald II. (Navarra) (1238–1270),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Theobald [1] — Theobald (Thiebald, Thibaut), altdeutscher Name, d.i. der Volksbeherrscher. Merkwürdig sind I. Fürsten: A) Könige von Navarra: 1) Th. I. Postumus, Sohn Theobalds III., Grafen von Champagne, u. der Dona Blanca von Navarra, geb. nach seines Vaters… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Theobald [2] — Theobald, 1) Karl Peter Wilhelm von T., geb. 1769 in Rastadt, wurde 1790 im kurpfälzischen 8. Füselierregiment Lieutenant u. machte in baierischen Diensten den Feldzug 1796 u. 1799, 1805 als Capitän gegen die Tyroler, 1807 als Major in Schlesien… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Theobald — Theobald, Name von 2 Heiligen. – T. der Einsiedler, geb. 1017, der Sohn des Grafen Arnulf von Champagne, lebte mit seinem Freunde Walter als Einsiedler zuerst im Petingerwalde in Schwaben, unternahm dann mit demselben barfuß Wallfahrten nach… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Theobald — m English: from a Latinized form, first found in medieval documents, of a Norman name of Germanic origin, composed of the elements theud people, race + bald bold, brave; the first element has been altered under the influence of Greek theos god.… …   First names dictionary

  • Théobald — Assez fréquent en Moselle, c est l équivalent du prénom Thibault (voir ce nom). Variantes : Théobalt, Théobold …   Noms de famille

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