Turpin

Turpin
Archbishop of Reims

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Turpin
    Turpin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Turpin
    Archbishop of Reims, date of birth uncertain; d. 2 Sept., 800. He was a monk of St. Denis when, about 753, he was called to the See of Reims. With eleven other bishops of France he attended the Council of Rome in which Pope Stephen III condemned the antipope Constantine to perpetual confinement. He enriched the library of his cathedral by having numerous works copied, and obtained from Charlemagne several privileges for his diocese. Legends grew up around his life, so that by degrees he becomes an epic character who figures in numerous chansons de geste, especially in the "Chanson de Roland". Furthermore, a chronicle known as the "Historia Karoli Magni et Rotholandi" has been attributed to him; but that he was not the author is proved by the use in the chronicle of the word "Lotharingia" which did not exist prior to 855, the mention of the musical chant written on four lines, a custom which does not date back further than 1022, and finally the silence of all the writers of the ninth and tenth centuries regarding this so-called book of Turpin's. The first to mention him is Raoul de Tortaine, a monk of Fleury, who wrote from 1096 to 1145. At the same time Calistus II regarded the book as authentic, and its diffusion revived the fervour of the pilgrimages to St. James of Compostella. In it is related an apparition of St. James to Charlemagne; the saint orders the emperor to follow with his army the direction of the Milky Way, which was thenceforth called the "Path of St. James". Gaston Paris considers that the first five chapters of the chronicle attributed to Turpin were written about the middle of the eleventh century by a monk of Compostella, and that the remainder were written between 1109 and 1119 by a monk of St. André de Vienne. This second part has a real literary importance, for the monk who wrote it derived his inspiration from the chansons de geste and the epic traditions; hence there may be seen in this compilation a very ancient form of these traditions. The chronicle was translated into Latin and French as early as 1206 by the cleric Jehan, in the service of Renaud de Dammartin, Count of Boulogne. Editions according to various MSS. have been issued at Paris by Castets (1880) and at Lund by Wulff (1881).
    GASTON PARIS, De pseudo Turpino (Paris, 1865); AURACHER, Der altfranzösische Pseudo-Turpin der Arsenalhandschrift in Romanische Forschungen, V (1889-90); FISQUET, La France potificale: Reims (Paris, 1864).
    GEORGES GOYAU
    Transcribed by Vivek Gilbert John Fernandez Dedicated to Catholic writers, past and present

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Turpin — may refer to:People: * Turpin (archbishop), a Roman Catholic archbishop of Reims, France, in the 8th century * Turpin (bishop), a 12th century bishop of Brechin, Scotland * Ben Turpin, an American comedian * David H. Turpin, a Canadian academic * …   Wikipedia

  • Turpín — o Turpin puede referirse a: Arzobispo Turpín, un personaje legendario del ciclo carolingio (paladines, Carlomagno, Roldán, etc.) Pierre Jean François Turpin (1775 1840), botánico ilustrador francés Dick Turpin, bandolero inglés del siglo XVIII… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Turpin — ist der Name folgender Personen: Ben Turpin (1869–1940), US amerikanischer Komiker, Stummfilmschauspieler Clément Turpin (* 1982), französischer Fußballschiedsrichter Eugène Turpin (1848–1927), französischer Chemiker Gerry Turpin (1929 1997),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Turpín — (Turpin) ► Personaje legendario. Según la tradición, fue monje de Saint Denis y arzobispo de Reims. Se le ha atribuido equivocadamente una crónica latina (Crónica de Turpín) sobre la vida de Carlomagno …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Turpin — Turpin,   Pseudo Turpin.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Turpin — Ancien nom de baptême, issu du latin Turpinus, popularisé par l un des compagnons de Roland de Roncevaux, l archevêque Turpin (capable de fendre en deux d un seul coup d épée un cheval et son cavalier !). Turpinus vient de l adjectif turpis (=… …   Noms de famille

  • Turpin — Tur pin, n. (Zo[ o]l.) A land tortoise. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Turpin — Turpin, 1) Benedictinermönch von St. Denis, wurde 753 Erzbischof von Rheims, war auf dem in Rom wegen der Bilderverehrung 769 gehaltenen Concil u. st. 800. Ein anderer T. war Freund u. Begleiter Karls d. Gr., zog mit demselben gegen die Sarazenen …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Turpin — Turpin, Benediktinermönch im Kloster St. Denis, ward 753 Erzbischof von Reims, befand sich 769 auf dem in Rom wegen der Bilderverehrung abgehaltenen Konzil und starb 800. Die Angabe, daß T. Karls d. Gr. Geheimschreiber, Freund und Waffengefährte… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Turpin — Turpīn, Erzbischof von Reims, gest. um 800; die ihm fälschlich beigelegte Chronik, die einen zweimaligen Zug Karls d. Gr. nach Spanien in sagenhafter Ausschmückung erzählt, stammt aus dem 11. und 12. Jahrh. (hg. von Castets, 1800; deutsch von… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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