Widukind

Widukind
Saxon leader, and one of the heads of the Westphalian nobility

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Widukind
    Widukind
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Widukind
    Saxon leader, and one of the heads of the Westphalian nobility. He was the moving spirit in the struggles of the Saxons for their independence and heathen faith.
    The Frankish accounts of the Saxon wars, coloured by national feeling, give only an outline of Widukind's character. After Charlemagne's victory in 777 Widukind fled to Denmark. He saw that at the moment opposition was useless. When Charlemagne was in Spain in 778, Widukind came back and, trusting to the Saxon love of independence, organized a war of revenge. Saxon hordes plundered and devastated the region of the middle Rhine, and even threatened Fulda, so that the monks fled, carrying the remains of St. Boniface. A Frankish army defeated the Saxons at Laisa and rescued the town. In 782 order seemed to be restored among the Saxons, and Widukind again fled to Denmark, but returned once more when Charlemagne began his march toward home. The Wends also were incited to join the uprising. The hatred of the insurgents was directed against the churches and priests, and Willihad, first bishop of Bremen, was obliged for the time to abandon his missionary work. Widukind no longer had time the entire Saxon nation on his side. A strong Frankish party had now sprang up, but the terrible punishment inflicted by Charlemagne on 4000 Saxons at Verden on the Aller greatly strengthened the national party among the Saxons. Widukind again fled to Denmark; after this he persuaded the inhabitants of the northern Elbe district and the Frisians to join the revolt. Particulars as to Widukind's actions during the last struggles of the Saxons are lacking. Charlemagne saw that he was the leading spirit of the resistance and sought to induce him to submit peacefully. In 785 Widukind was baptized, with many of his companions, at Attigny. Charlemagne believed that the Saxon opposition was now broken, and the pope ordered a general feast of thanksgiving. Widukind took no part in the later Saxon wars. There is no further credible information respecting him. It is fairly probable that Mathilde, second wife of King Henry I of Germany, was a member of the same family. Widukind soon became one of the heroes of legend, and later he appeared as a great builder of churches and a saint. Medieval times regarded Enger, near Herford, as his place of burial. A gravestone purporting to be Widukind's and giving his entire figure, is a work of the twelfth century; what is called Widukind's reliquary is a work of the ninth or tenth century.
    FRANZ KAMPERS
    Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Widukind — de Saxe La guerre entre Charlemagne et les Saxons Widukind de Saxe ou Wittekind de Saxe, dit le Grand, (né vers 755 mort le 7 janvier 810)[1] est le personnage emblématique de la résistance saxonne face aux …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Widukind — ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Varianten 3 Verbreitung 4 Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • WIDUKIND — (2e moitié VIIIe s.) Chef saxon, Widukind incarne la résistance de son pays à la conquête franque. Sa personnalité est mal connue; on sait seulement qu’il possédait des terres en Westphalie et en Angrie (territoire des Angrivariens) et qu’il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Widukind — Widukind,   1) Wịttekind, Führer der Sachsen gegen Karl I., dem Großen (778 785); westfälischer Edeling. Widukind floh 777, als sich die meisten Sachsen dem fränkischen König ergaben, zu den Dänen und entfachte 778 erneut den erbitterten… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Widukind — Widukind, so v.w. Wittekind 3) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Widukind — (Wittekind), 1) Heerführer der Sachsen, aus einer edlen Familie der westfälischen Sachsen stammend, trat als Herzog der Sachsen zuerst auf, während Karl d. Gr. die Langobarden unterwarf, nahm 774 die Eresburg, rettete sich vor dem siegreich bis… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Widukind — (Wittekind), westfäl. Häuptling, Heerführer der Sachsen in deren Kriegen gegen Karl d. Gr., unterwarf sich 785 und nahm die Taufe an; nach der Sage von Karl zum Herzog von Sachsen ernannt und 807 gegen die Schwaben gefallen. – Vgl. Diekamp (1877) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Widukind [2] — Widukind, deutscher Schriftsteller des 10. Jahrh., Mönch zu Corvei (Westfalen); seine »Res gestae Saxonicae« hg. von Waitz in den »Monumenta Germaniae« (Bd. 3), übersetzt von Schottin (1852), neu bearbeitet von Wattenbach (1882). – Vgl.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Widukind — Widukind, Witichind, der Vater der niedersächs. Geschichte, ein Benedictinermönch aus Corvey, gest. um 1004 als Rector der Klosterschule daselbst, hinterließ 3 Bücher annales de rebus Saxonum gestis Henrici aucupis, Ottonis etc., bei deren… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Widukind — [vē′do͞o kint] 8th cent. A.D.; Saxon warrior: leader of the Saxons against Charlemagne …   English World dictionary

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