- Christian IconographyChristian Iconography† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Christian IconographyThe science of the description, history, and interpretation of the traditional representations of God, the saints and other sacred subjects in art. Almost from the beginning the Church has employed the arts as potent means of instruction and edification. In the first centuries the walls of the catacombs were decorated with paintings and mosaics (see CATACOMBS), and in all later times churches have lent their walls, ceilings, and windows as well as their altars, furniture, and liturgical vessels and books, to be adorned with scenes from the Old and the New Testament, from the lives and legends of the saints, and even from old mythologies, modified, of course, and harmonized with Christian teaching. (For the details of Christian iconography see the articles, DIPTYCHS; IVORIES; METAL-WORK; MOSAICS; PAINTING; RELIQUARIES; SCULPTURE; WINDOWS; WOOD-CARVING.)The object of iconography is to give the history of these various representations, to note their prevalence or absence at some particular time or in some particular place, to compare those of different lands and different periods, to explain the personal or historical, and to interpret the symbolical. Studied thus, they have an important historical and dogmatic interest, as they attest the unity of ecclesiastical tradition and the faith of the ages in which they were produced.Special articles dealing with subjects of Christian iconography, besides those already mentioned, are ANCHOR; DOVE; EUCHARIST, EARLY SYMBOLS OF; FISH, SYMBOLISM OF; LAMB; NIMBUS. See also ECCLESIASTICAL ART.Transcribed by Michael C. Tinkler.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Christian iconography — Iconography I co*nog ra*phy, n. [Gr. ? a sketch or description; e ikw n an image + ? of describe: cf. F. iconographie.] 1. The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons;… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Iconography — I co*nog ra*phy, n. [Gr. ? a sketch or description; e ikw n an image + ? of describe: cf. F. iconographie.] 1. The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Christian symbolism — Christian cross Part of a series on … Wikipedia
Iconography — This article is principally concerned with iconography in art history; for religious painting in Eastern Christianity, see Icon. Holbein s The Ambassadors is a complex work whose iconography remains the subject of debate Iconography i … Wikipedia
Christian art — Supper at Emmaus, 1601, by Caravaggio. Oil on canvas, 139 x 195 cm. National Gallery, London. Christian art is sacred art produced in an attempt to illustrate, supplement and portray in tangible form the principles of Christianity, though other… … Wikipedia
iconography — iconograph /uy kon euh graf , grahf /, n. iconographer, n. /uy keuh nog reuh fee/, n., pl. iconographies. 1. symbolic representation, esp. the conventional meanings attached to an image or images. 2. subject matter in the visual arts, esp. with… … Universalium
Christian cross — A reliquary in the form of an ornate Christian Cross The Christian cross, seen as a representation of the instrument of the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, is the best known religious symbol of Christianity. … Wikipedia
Christian angelic hierarchy — The Assumption of the Virgin by Francesco Botticini at the National Gallery London, shows three hierarchies and nine orders of angels, each with different characteristics … Wikipedia
ICONOGRAPHY — ICONOGRAPHY, art of pictorial representation, specifically, that branch of the history of art which concerns itself with subject matter rather than form. Before c. 1600 Jewish art and iconography may be said to have come into being with the birth … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Christian views on Hell — vary, but in general traditionally agree that hell is a place or a state in which the souls of the unsaved suffer the consequences of sin. Different Hebrew and Greek words are translated as hell in most English language Bibles. They include:… … Wikipedia