Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi

Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi
    Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi
    A cardinal-deacon ( see Cardinal, II ), born at Rome, about 1270; died at Avignon, 23 June, 1343. He was the son of the senator Pietro Stefaneschi and his wife, Perna Orsini. He received his early education at Rome, and was sent to the University of Paris to pursue higher studies. After three years of diligent application he received the degree of Master of Arts, and intended to devote himself to the study of philosophy and Holy Scripture, having already begun to teach at the university, when his parents recalled him to Italy in order that he should study canon and civil law. He was highly esteemed by Celestine V, who made him canon of St. Peter's and auditor of the Rota; and was created cardinal-deacon ( see Cardinal, II ) of the titular Church of San Giorgio in Velabro, 17 Dec., 1295, by Boniface VIII, who also sent him as legate to Cesena, Forli, Faenza, and Bologna in 1296, to suppress civil disturbances. John XXII appointed him protector of the Minorites, 23 July, 1334. He was never ordained priest.
    Stefaneschi is best known as the author of "Opus Metricum", a life of Celestine V composed in dactylic hexameter. Abstracting from a short autobiography left in his cell by Celestine when he became pope, the "Opus Metricum" of Stefaneschi is the earliest biography of the hermit-pontiff. It is composed of three parts, each complete in itself and written at a different time. In 1319 the author united these three separate poems into one work and sent it with a dedicatory epistle to the prior and the monks of San Spirito at Sulmona, the mother-house of the Celestines. The first part contains in three books an account of the election, reign, and abdication of Celestine. It was written before Stefaneschi became Cardinal. The second part describes in two books the election and coronation of Boniface VIII, and was written five years later, when Stefaneschi was already Cardinal. The third part is composed of three books and describes the life of Celestine after he had abdicated, his canonization, and Miracles. The poem is preceded by an introduction in prose, which contains valuable data of the author's life and a synopsis of the whole work. Though of great historical value, the poem is devoid of all literary excellence, and at times is even extremely clumsy and barbarous. It was first edited by Papebroch, "Acta SS.", IV, May, 436-483. A new edition by Professor Sdralek of Breslau is in course of preparation. The other works of Stefaneschi are: "Liber de Centesimo sive Jubileo", edited by Quattrocchi in "Bessarione" (Rome, 1900, VII, 299-317), an interesting and historically important account of the first Roman Jubilee, held in 1300; "Liber ceremoniarum Curiæ Romanæ", a book of ceremonies to be observed at the Roman Court, edited according to a highly interpolated manuscript by Mabillon in "Museum Italicum" (II, 243-443), re-edited in part by Ehrle in "Archiv für Literatur und Kirchengeschichte" (V, 565-587), and by Labande in "Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes" (LIV, 45-74); "Vita S. Georgii Martyris", a eulogy on St. George, the patron of Stefaneschi's titular church; and "Historia de miraculo Mariæ facto Avinione", a short narrative of how a young man, who had been condemned to death at Avignon, was miraculously delivered by the Virgin Mary.
    HOSL, Kardinal Jacobus Gaietani Stefaneschi (Berlin, 1908); ANGELI, Jacopo Stefaneschi e il suo "Opus Metricum" in ANTINORI, Celestino V ed il VI Centenario della sua incoronazione (Aquila, 1894), 381-486; THURSTON, The Holy Year of Jubilee (London and St. Louis, 1900), passim. See also QUATTROCHI, EHRLE, and LABANDE, loc. sup. cit.
    MICHAEL OTT.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giacomo Gaetani Stefaneschi — (c. 1270 ndash; 23 June 1343) was an Italian cardinal deacon. LifeBorn in Rome, He was the son of the senator Pietro Stefaneschi and his wife, Perna Orsini. He received his early education at Rome, and was sent to the University of Paris to… …   Wikipedia

  • Stefaneschi, Giacomo Gaetani — • A cardinal deacon, born at Rome, about 1270; died at Avignon, 23 June, 1343 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Mise en abyme — Las Meninas by Velázquez, used by Gide to demonstrate the technique of mise en abyme Mise en abyme (French pronunciation: [miz‿ɑ̃n‿abim]; also mise en abîme) is a term origi …   Wikipedia

  • Droste effect — The woman holds an object bearing a smaller image of her holding the same object, which in turn bears a smaller image of her holding the same object, and so on. The Droste effect is a specific kind of recursive picture,[1] one that in heraldry is …   Wikipedia

  • 1343 — Year 1343 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.Events of 1343* January 27 Pope Clement VI issues his Bull Unigenitus , defining the doctrine of The Treasury of Merits or The Treasury …   Wikipedia

  • Cardinal — • A dignitary of the Roman Church and counsellor of the pope Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cardinal     Cardinal     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Clement V —     Pope Clement V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement V     (BERTRAND DE GOT.)     Born at Villandraut in Gascony, France, 1264; died at Roquemaure, 20 April, 1314. He was elected, 5 June, 1305, at Perugia as successor to Benedict XI,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope Clement V —     Pope Clement V     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Clement V     (BERTRAND DE GOT.)     Born at Villandraut in Gascony, France, 1264; died at Roquemaure, 20 April, 1314. He was elected, 5 June, 1305, at Perugia as successor to Benedict XI,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Nepotismus am Heiligen Stuhl — war die insbesondere in der frühen Neuzeit übliche Praxis des Heiligen Stuhls, an Personen aus verwandtschaftlichen Beziehungen Ämter zu verleihen und Macht zuzuteilen. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Geschichte 2 Machtansprüche und Intrigen führten zum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.