Giuliano Cesarini

Giuliano Cesarini
    Giuliano Cesarini
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Giuliano Cesarini
    (Also known as CARDINAL JULIAN)
    Born at Rome, 1398; died at Varna, in Bulgaria 10 November, 1444. He was one of the group of brilliant Cardinals created by Martin V on the conclusion of the Western Schism, and is described by Bossuet as the strongest bulwark that the Catholics could oppose to the Greeks in the council of Florence. He was of good family and was educated at Perugia, where he studied Roman law with such success as to be appointed lecturer there, Domenico Capranica and Nicholas of Cusa being among his pupils. When the schism was ended by the universal recognition of Martin V as pope, Giuliano returned to Rome, where he attached himself to Cardinal Branda. Suggestions of wide reform were rife, and the principles of the outward unity of the Church and its reformation from within became the ideals of his life. In 1419 he accompanied Branda on his difficult mission to Germany and Bohemia, where the Hussites were in open rebellion. The Cardinal thought so highly of his services that he used to say that, if the whole Church were to fall into ruin, Giuliano would be equal to the task of rebuilding it. He had all the gifts of a great ruler, commanding intellectual powers, and great personal charm. He was a profound scholar and a devoted Humanist, while his private life was marked by sanctity and austerity. In 1426 Martin V created him Cardinal and sent him to Germany to preach a crusade against the reformers who were committing grievous excesses there. After the failure of this appeal to arms Cesarini was made President of the Council of Basle in which capacity he successfully resisted the efforts of Eugene IV to dissolve the council, though later (1437) he withdrew from the opposition, when he perceived that they were more anxious to humiliate the pope than to accomplish reforms. When the reunited council assembled at Ferrara he was made head of the commission appointed to confer with the Hussites and succeeded at least in winning their confidence. In 1439, owing to a plague, the council was transferred from Ferrara to Florence, where Cesarini continued to play a prominent part in the negotiations with the Greeks. After the successful issue of the council, Cesarini was sent as papal legate to Hungary (1443) to promote a national crusade against the Turks. He was opposed to the peace with Ladislaus, King of Hungary and Poland, and signed at Szegedin with Sultan Amurath III, and persuaded the former to break it and renew the war. It was an unfortunate step and resulted in the disastrous defeat of the Christian army at Varna in 1444, when Cardinal Giuliano was slain in the flight. His two well-known letters to Aeneas Sylvius about the pope's relations to the Council of Basle are printed among the works of Pius II (Pii II Opera Omnia, Basle 1551, p. 64).
    VESPASIANO DA BISTICCI, Vite di Uomini illustri, first printed at Rome, 1763; also printed in MAI, Spicilegium Romanum, I, 166-184; and in the new ed. of VESPASIANO (Bologna, 1892), I. JENKINS, The Last Crusader: The Life and Times of Cardinal Julian (London, 1861); PASTOR, History of the Popes, tr. ANTROBUS (London, 1899), I; GREGOROVIUS, History of the City of Rome in the Middle Ages, tr. HAMILTON (London, 1900), VII, Part I, Bk. XIII, i, ii; CHEVALIER, Rep.: Bio bibl. (Paris, 1905-1907) gives an extensive bibliography.
    EDWIN BURTON
    Transcribed by Ted Rego

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Giuliano Cesarini — (* 1398 in Rom; † 10. November 1444 in Warna) war Kardinal 1430, Erzpriester, Bischof und Kardinallegat in Ungarn 1444. Cesarini stammte aus altem römischen Adel. Von 1419 bis 1423 lehrte er kanonisches Recht in Padua. Dort lernte er auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuliano Cesarini —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie différentes personnes partageant un même nom. Giuliano Cesarini peut désigner deux cardinaux italiens : Giuliano Cesarini (1398 1444) cardinal italien du XVe siècle créé en 1426 par le pape Martin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuliano Cesarini der Ältere — Giuliano Cesarini (* 1398 in Rom; † 10. November 1444 in Warna) war Kardinal 1430, Erzpriester, Bischof und Kardinallegat in Ungarn 1444. Cesarini stammte aus altem römischen Adel. Von 1419 bis 1423 lehrte er kanonisches Recht in Padua. Dort… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giuliano Cesarini (1466-1510) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Giuliano Cesarini. Giuliano Cesarini (1466 1510) Biographie Naissance 1466 à Rome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuliano Cesarini (1398-1444) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Giuliano Cesarini. Giuliano Cesarini Biographie Naissance 1398 à Rome …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giuliano — ist ein männlicher Vorname und die italienische Form von Julian und bedeutet übersetzt Der Jugendliche . Träger des Vornamens: Giuliano Amato (* 1938), italienischer Politiker Giuliano Bignasca (* 1945), Schweizer Politiker, Bauunternehmer und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cesarini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Franco Cesarini (* 1961), Schweizer Komponist Giuliano Cesarini (1398–1444), römischer Kardinal Renato Cesarini (1906–1969), argentinisch italienischer Fußballspieler und Fußballtrainer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cesarini, Giuliano — • Born at Rome, 1398; died at Varna, in Bulgaria 10 November, 1444 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cesarīni — (spr. tsche ), Giuliano, geb. 1398, gest. 10. Nov. 1444, seit 1423 Kardinal, predigte 1430 als päpstlicher Legat in Deutschland das Kreuz gegen die Hussiten, machte 1431 die Schlacht bei Taus mit, wo das Kreuzheer geschlagen wurde, führte als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jules Cesarini — Giuliano Cesarini Cardinal Giuliano Cesarini de l Église catholique romaine …   Wikipédia en Français

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