Hector Berlioz

Hector Berlioz
    Hector Berlioz
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Hector Berlioz
    French composer, b. at La Côte Saint-André, near Grenoble, 11 December, 1803; d. at Paris, 8 March, 1869. His father, a physician, wished Hector to follow his own profession, and for that purpose sent him to the Medical School in Paris. Young Berlioz soon changed the dissecting room for the library of the Conservatoire, where he sought to acquaint himself with the scores of the masters of music. Heretofore his musical studies had been confined to a rudimentary knowledge of the flute and of the guitar. After studying harmony with Lesveur for a few months, Berlioz composed a mass, which was performed in the church of St. Roch. Being admitted to the Conservatoire in 1823, he became noted not only for his great talent, but also for his rebellion against academic traditions. For the pure classicism of Cherubini, the head of the school, he had no respect, nor did he ever learn to understand and appreciate Palestrina, Händel, or Bach. Bent on giving expression to his teeming ideas in his own fashion, Berlioz, like the romanticists in literature, proceeded by violating or ignoring every established rule. As a consequence he never fully mastered the various forms of composition. With his "Fantastic Symphony", a cantata called "La mort de Sardanapale" which won for him the Prix de Rome (carrying with it a five years' pension), and a number of lesser works, Berlioz laid the foundation of the new school of composition which is known as the school of programme music. It is the endeavour of composers of this school to express by means of music definite ideas and moods and even to relate definite events. Although Berlioz has written a number of works on liturgical texts, hardly any of them have the liturgical character. His "Requiem", written for double chorus, an enormous orchestra, four military bands, and organ, suggests Michelangelo in its gigantic conception, While it strikes terror into the heart of the hearer, it does not inspire devotion. A "Te Deum" is built on equally large scale, and is more notable for its pomp and splendour than for its prayerfulness. Although Berlioz was a child of his time and in his music gave expression to every passion of man, he did not lose the Catholic sense, as is shown by the attraction liturgical texts had for him, and also by numerous other traits. Thus in his "Damnation de Faust" he sends Faust to eternal perdition accompanied by most gruesome music, instead of ultimately saving him in accordance with the pantheistic creed of Goethe. Berlioz is one of the most striking examples of modern subjectivism, and the numerous works he has left behind—symphonies with and without chorus, operas, an oratorio, "The Childhood of Christ", songs, choruses, etc.—give us an idea of what he might have been had he remained faithful to Catholic ideals.
    JOSEPH OTTEN
    Transcribed by Cyril G. MacNeil

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hector Berlioz — Hector Berlioz, um 1860 Louis Hector Berlioz (* 11. Dezember 1803 in La Côte Saint André, Département Isère; † 8. März 1869 in Paris) war ein französischer Komponist und Musikkritiker. Inhaltsverz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hector Berlioz — (Берлин,Германия) Категория отеля: 3 звездочный отель Адрес: Митте, 10115 Берлин, Гер …   Каталог отелей

  • Hector Berlioz — « Berlioz » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Berlioz (homonymie). Hector Berlioz …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hector Berlioz — Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 ndash; March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique and Grande Messe des morts (Requiem). Berlioz made great contributions to the modern orchestra… …   Wikipedia

  • Hector Berlioz — noun French composer of romantic works (1803 1869) • Syn: ↑Berlioz, ↑Louis Hector Berlioz • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Hector Berlioz — Louis Hector Berlioz (11 de diciembre de 1803 – 8 de marzo de 1869), compositor francés del romanticismo, es muy conocido por su Sinfonía fantástica, estrenada en 1830, el Réquiem, estrenado en 1837, y su extraordinaria utilización de la orquesta …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hector Berlioz — Tiempo Se dice que el tiempo es un gran maestro; lo malo es que va matando a sus discípulos …   Diccionario de citas

  • Hector Berlioz — n. (1803 1869) French composer known for his melodic and orchestral changes …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Hector Berlioz, Universites (tramway de Grenoble) — Hector Berlioz, Universités (tramway de Grenoble) Hector Berlioz, Universités Véhicule Tramway Alimentation Aérienne Localité Saint Martin d Hères Inauguration …   Wikipédia en Français

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