Jean Hardouin

Jean Hardouin
    Jean Hardouin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Jean Hardouin
    Jesuit, and historian; b. at Quimper, Brittany, 23 Dec., 1646, son of a bookseller of that town; d. at Paris, 3 Sept., 1729. He entered the novitiate of the Society, 25 Sept., 1660; and was professor of belles-lettres and rhetoric, and afterwards taught positive theology for fifteen years. He became librarian at the Jesuit College of Louis-le-Grand in Paris, where he succeeded Pere Garnier whose biography he published in 1684. His first scientific work was an article published in the "Journal des Scavans", 10 March, 1681, on the meaning of a passage in Pliny (Hist. Nat. XXXIII, iii). His books are numerous, but many of them are ill-balanced and full of errors. Others, however, have won for him a place among men of learning. Many of his works deal with ancient numismatics, especially, his "Nummi antiqui populorum et urbium illustrati" (Paris, 1684); others treat of Greek and Roman classical literature, e.g. his "Themistii Orationes XXXIII" (Paris, 1684), and Pliny secundi Historae Naturalis libri XXXVII" (Paris, 1685; a new edition by Hardouin in 1723). It was especially in his "Chronologia Veteris Testamenti" (Paris, 1697; reprinted Strasburg, 1697, after the Parliament of Paris had interdicted the sale of the works that he questioned the authenticity of nearly all the works attributed to the classical writers; the only exceptions he made were in favour of the works of Cicero, Pliny's Natural History, Virgil's Georgies, Horace's Satires and Epistles, and in some writings Homer, Herodotus, and Plautus. In Iike manner he cast doubts on the authenticity of many of the writings of early Christian literature, and denied the authenticity of the Alexandrian version and the Hebrew deal with the interpretation OId and New Testament and the chronology of the life of Christ, especially the date on which He kept the Passover and the date of His birth. He also wrote a number of polemical works which, like those of his adversaries, are lacking in dignity and reserve. He attacked Pere Courayer on the subject of Anglican orders, Mlle Darcier on the basic idea of Homer's Iliad, and Gravius on the authenticity of the classical authors.
    His greatest work is the "Conciliorum collectio regis maxima", or "Acta conciliorum, et epistolae decretales ac constitutiones summorum pontificum" (Paris, 1726). He received a pension from the French clergy for this work, and it was printed at the expense of the King of France. It is generally conceded to be the most critical edition we have of the text of the Councils. The work had been printed ten years (1715) before it was issued to the public. At the instigation of the Sorbonne, the Parliament of Paris had opposed it because Hardouin had studded the work with maxims opposed to the claims of the Gallican Church. His "Commentarius in Novum Testamentum" was not published till after his death (Amsterdam, 1741), and then it was put on the Index. Other works of his placed on the Index there the edition of his "Opera Selecta," published without its author's knowledge (Amsterdam, 1709); and his "Opera Varia" Amsterdam, 1733).
    ZIMMERMANN in Kircheler, s. v; SCHMIDT-PFENDER in Realencyk fur. prof.Theol., s.v.; SOMMERVOGEL, Bibl. de la c. de J. (Brussels, 1893), IV, 84 -111, which mentions all Hardouin's works; QUENTIN, Jean-Dominique Mansi et les grandes collectiones conciliares (Paris, 1900), 38-54.
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jean Hardouin — (né en 1646 à Quimper et mort le 3 septembre 1729) est un érudit français des textes classiques. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Idées paradoxales 3 Références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Hardouin — (1646 September 3, 1729), French classical scholar, was born at Quimper in Brittany.Having acquired a taste for literature in his father s book shop, he sought and obtained admission into the order of the Jesuits in around 1662 (when he was 16).… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Hardouin — (auch Harduin, latinisiert Harduinus, * 23. Dezember 1646 in Quimper, Bretagne, Frankreich; † 3. September 1729 in Paris) war ein Jesuit, Philologe und Theologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Vita 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hardouin — may refer to:* Hardouin de Graetz, or Ortwin (1475 1542), German scholar and theologian * Hardouin Mansart, or Jules Hardouin Mansart (1646 1708), French architect * Jean Hardouin (1646 1729), French classical scholar * Hardouin (archbishop),… …   Wikipedia

  • Hardouin — Jean Hardouin (latinisiert auch Harduinus, * 23. Dezember 1646 in Quimper, Bretagne, Frankreich; † 3. September 1729 in Paris) war ein Jesuit, Philologe und Theologe. Vita Geboren als Sohn eines Verlagsbuchhändlers, begann er früh, sich mit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hardouin-Mansart de Lévi — Jacques Hardouin Mansart de Sagonne Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mansart. Jacques Hardouin Mansart de Sagonne (parfois dénommé Hardouin Mansart de Lévy) est un architecte français né en 1711 et mort en 1778. Sommaire 1 Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hardouin-Mansart — Mansart Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Mansart est un nom de famille notamment porté par : François Mansart (1598 1666), architecte français ; Jules Hardouin Mansart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Mansart de Jouy — Jean Baptiste Mansart de Jouy dit également Mansart l Aîné est un architecte français né à Paris en 1705 et mort après 1779[1]. Petit fils du Premier architecte du Roi, Jules Hardouin Mansart, et frère aîné de l architecte Jacques Hardouin… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hardouin-Gustave d'Andlau — Gustave Hardouin d Andlau Naissance 2 septembre 1797 Paris Décès 8 juin 1850 (à 53 ans) Paris Origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean aubert (architecte) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jean Aubert et Aubert. Jean Aubert, dit Aubert aîné, est un architecte français né vers 1680 et mort à Paris en 1741. Biographie Fils de Jean Jacques Aubert, charpentier des Bâtiments du Roi, Jean Aubert apprit l …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.