Johannes Reuchlin

Johannes Reuchlin
    Johannes Reuchlin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Johannes Reuchlin
    (Grecized, Capnion).
    Celebrated German humanist, b. at Pforzheim, Baden, 22 February, 1455; d. at Liebenzell, 30 June, 1522. He studied at Freiburg, Paris, and Basle, where he won his baccalaureate in 1475, his degree of master in 1477, and later taught Greek and Latin; in 1479 he became bachelor of jurisprudence at Orléans, and licentiate of law at Poitiers in 1481. During two trips to Italy (1482 and 1490) he became acquainted with the Platonic Academy at Florence and the chief Italian philologians, he himself exciting wonder through his great philological knowledge. In the interval between these journeys he became counsel of Count Eberhard of Würtemburg, assessor in the high court and doctor of jurisprudence, meanwhile applying himself zealously to the study of Hebrew. On the death of his patron Eberhard, he fled to Heidelberg through fear of his successor, the malevolent Count Eberhard VI, where he became counsel to the elector. In 1498 he paid his third visit to Rome, and perfected his Hebrew by intercourse with some learned Jews. In Heidelberg he wrote his two witty and successful Latin comedies, "Sergius" and "Henno". On Eberhard's deposition he returned to Stuttgart, and became imperial judge of the Swabian Confederation (1502-12), private littérateur, professor of Greek and Hebrew at Ingolstadt (1520-1), and professor at Tübingen (1521-2). The chief service of Reuchlin was his introduction into Germany of the study of Hebrew. His "De rudimentis hebraicis" (1506), containing both lexicon and grammar, was epoch-making. In 1512 he published as a manual for beginners an edition of the Hebrew text of the Penitential Psalms with a literal Latin translation. In his "De accentibus et orthographia linguae hebraicae" (1518), he treats in detail the word-accent, and more briefly the rhetorical accent and musical emphasis. Less important are his cabalistic writings ("De verbo mirifico", 1494; "De arte cabbalistica", 1517), in which he becomes lost in the abstruse problems of mysterious names and figures. Meanwhile his unfortunate quarrel with Johann Pfefferkorn and the Cologne Dominicans concerning the destruction of the Talmudic books had begun. (For a discussion of this, see HUMANISM.) Throughout the Reformation, Reuchlin remained faithful to the Church and sought to alienate his grandnephew Melanchthon from Luther.
    Geiger, Johann Reuchlin (Leipzig, 1871); Idem, Renaissance u. Humanismus (Berlin, 1882), 504-25; Reuchlins Briefwechsel, ed. Geiger (Tübingen, 1875); The Cambridge Modern History, I (Cambridge, 1902), 572-3.
    Transcribed by Jan Pendergrass

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Johannes Reuchlin — Johannes Reuchlin. Detail eines Holzschnitts aus einem Einblattdruck von 1516 Johannes Reuchlin (* 29. Januar 1455[1] in Pforzheim; † 30. Juni 1522 in Stuttgart, auch: Johann Reichlin), gräzisiert Kapnion, Capnio …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Reuchlin — Johannes Reuchlin. Johannes Reuchlin (n. el 29 de enero de 1455 en Pforzheim † el 30 de junio de 1522 en Stuttgart, también llamado: Johann Reuchlin) fue un filósofo y humanista alemán profundamente interesado en la Cábala judía. Es conocido como …   Wikipedia Español

  • Johannes Reuchlin — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Reuchlin. Johannes Reuchlin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • REUCHLIN, JOHANNES° — (Capnio, or Phorcensis; 1455–1522), German and Hebraist; one of the architects of the Christian kabbalah and famous as the defender of the Talmud and Jewish scholarship against the attacks of johannes pfefferkorn and the obscurantists. Born in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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  • Johannes Pfefferkorn — Johannes Josef Pfefferkorn (* 1469; † 22. Oktober 1524 in Köln) war ein deutscher Theologe, der vom Judentum zum Katholizismus übertrat. Er befürwortete die Verbrennung des Talmud und ist vor allem durch seine Auseinandersetzung mit Johannes… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Reuchlin-Gymnasium (Ingolstadt) — Reuchlin Gymnasium Schulform Gymnasium Ort Ingolstadt Land Bayern Staat Deutschland Koordinaten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johannes Vergenhans — Johannes Nauclerus Johannes Nauclerus (* 1425; † 5. Januar 1510 in Tübingen; eigentlich Johannes Vergenhans) war ein deutscher Gelehrter, Jurist, Theologe und Historiker. Als Vertrauter Graf Eberhards im Bart war er nach Gründung der Universität… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Reuchlin — ist der Name von Hermann Reuchlin (1810–1873), deutscher Historiker Johannes Reuchlin (1455–1522), deutscher Philosoph und Humanist Reuchlin heißt auch eine Pforzheimer Freimaurerloge, siehe Reuchlin (Freimaurerloge) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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