John Nider

John Nider
    John Nider
     Catholic_Encyclopedia John Nider
    Theologian, b. 1380 in Swabia; d. 13 August, 1438, at Colmar. He entered the Order of Preachers at Colmar and after profession was sent to Vienna for his philosophical studies, which he finished at Cologne where he was ordained. He gained a wide reputation in Germany as a preacher and was active at the Council of Constance. After making a study of the convents of his order of strict observance in Italy he returned to the University of Vienna where in 1425 he began teaching as Master of Theology. Elected prior of the Dominican convent at Nuremberg in 1427, he successively served as socius to his master general and vicar of the reformed convents of the German province. In this capacity he maintained his early reputation of reformer and in 1431 he was chosen prior of the convent of strict observance at Basle. He became identified with the Council of Basle as theologian and legate, making several embassies to the Hussites at the command of Cardinal Julian. Sent as legate of the Council to the Bohemians he succeeded in pacifying them. He journeyed to Ratisbon (1434) to effect a further reconciliation with the Bohemians and then proceeded to Vienna to continue his work of reforming the convents there. During the discussion that followed the dissolution of the Couneil of Basle by Eugene IV, he joined the party in favour of continuing the Council in Germany, abandoning them, however, when the pope remained firm in his decision. He resumed his theological leetures at Vienna in 1436 and was twice elected dean of the university before his death. As reformer he was foremost in Germany and welcomed as such both by his own order and by the Fathers of the Council of Basle. As a theologian his adherence to the principles of St. Thomas and his practical methods made him distinguished among his contemporaries. The most important among his many writings is the "Formicarius" (5 vols., Douai, 1602) a treatise on the philosophical, theological, and social questions of his day. Among his theological works are the following: "Commentarius in IV libros Sententiarum" (no longer extant); "Praeceptorum divinae legis" (Douai, 1612, seventeen other editions before 1500); "Tractatus de contractibus mercatorum" (Paris, 1514, eight editions before 1500); "Consolatorium timoratae conscientiae" (Rome, 1604); "De Morali lepra" (Regia, l830); "Manuale ad instructionem spiritualium Pastorum" (Rome, 1513); "Alphabetum Divini Amoris" (Antwerp, 1705, in works of Gerson); "De modo bene vivendi " (commonly atttributed to St. Bernard), "De Reformatione Religiosorum Libri Tres" (Paris, 1512; Antwerp, 1611). Besides these there are several letters written to the Bohemians and to the Fathers of the Council of Basle, printed in "Monum. Concil. General., saec. XV, Concil. Basil. Scrip.", I (Vienna, 1857).
    QUETIF-ECHARD, Scriptores 0. P., I, 792 sqq., II, 822; TOURON Histoire des Hommes illustres de l'ordre de St. Dominique, III, 218-76; SCHIELER in Kirchenlex. q. v. Nider; COLVENERIUS, J. Nider Formicarius (Douai, 1602); STEILL., Ord. Praed. Ephemerides Domincano-sacrae, II (Dilling, 1692), 230; SCHIELER, Magister Johannes Nider, aus dem Orden der Prediger-Bruder (Mainz, 1885): Annee Dominicaine, VII (1895), 731-46; HAIN, Rep. Bibl., III (1831); BRUMER, Predigerorden in Wien (1867); CHEVALIER, Repertoire des Sources historiques du Moyen Age, II, 3360.
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nider, John — • Dominican theologian (1380 1438) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nider, John     John Nider      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Johannes Nider — (ca. 1380 – 13 August 1438) was a German theologian, Nider was born in Swabia. He entered the Order of Preachers at Colmar and after profession was sent to Vienna for his philosophical studies, which he finished at Cologne, where he was ordained …   Wikipedia

  • Witchcraft — • As commonly understood, involves the idea of a diabolical pact or at least an appeal to the intervention of the spirits of evil Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Witchcraft     Witchcraft …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Venusberg (Sage) — John Collier: Tannhäuser im Venusberg. (1901) Der Venusberg ist ein seit dem Mittelalter bekanntes Sagenmotiv, das vor allem im Zusammenhang mit dem Minnesänger Tannhäuser erscheint und neben volkstümlichen Texten zahlreiche künstlerische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Ni — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Malleus Maleficarum — For the album, see Malleus Maleficarum (album). For the 2006 English action/horror film by James Eaves, see The Witches Hammer. For the 1969 Czech film by Otakar Vávra, see Witchhammer. For the Supernatural episode, see Malleus Maleficarum… …   Wikipedia

  • Witch trials in the Early Modern period — Punishments for witchcraft in 16th century Germany. Woodcut from Tengler s Laienspiegel, Mainz, 1508. The Witch trials in the Early Modern period were a period of witch hunts between the fifteenth and eighteenth centuries,[1] when across Early… …   Wikipedia

  • National Humanities Medal — Stephen H. Balch receiving National Humanities Medal from President George W. Bush The National Humanities Medal honors individuals or groups whose work has deepened the nation’s understanding of the humanities, broadened citizens’ engagement… …   Wikipedia

  • National Humanities Medal — Stephen H. Balch erhält die National Humanities Medal aus den Händen von Präsident George W. Bush Die National Humanities Medal ist eine US amerikanische Auszeichnung für Personen oder Organisationen, deren Arbeit das Verständnis der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1428 — Années : 1425 1426 1427  1428  1429 1430 1431 Décennies : 1390 1400 1410  1420  1430 1440 1450 Siècles : XIVe siècle  XVe …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.