Marsilio Ficino

Marsilio Ficino
    Marsilio Ficino
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Marsilio Ficino
    A philosopher, philologist, physician, b. at Florence, 19 Oct., 1433; d. at Correggio, 1 Oct, 1499. Son of the physician of Cosmo de' Medici, he served the Medicis for three generations and received from them a villa at Monte Vecchio. He studied at Florence and at Bologna; and was specially protected in his early work by Cosmo de' Medici, who chose him to translate the works of Plato into Latin. The Council of Florence (1439) brought to the city a number of Greek scholars, and this fact, combined with the founding of the Platonic Academy, of which Ficino was elected president, gave an impetus to the study of Greek and especially to that of Plato. Ficino became an ardent admirer of Plato and a propagator of Platonism, or rather neo-Platonism, to an unwarranted degree, going so far as to maintain that Plato should be read in the churches, and claiming Socrates and Plato as fore-runners of Christ. He taught Plato in the Academy of Florence, and it is said he kept a light burning before a bust of Plato in his room. It is supposed that the works of Savonarola drew Ficino closer to the spirit of the Church. He was ordained priest in 1477 and became a canon of the cathedral of Florence. His disposition was mild, but at times he had to use his knowledge of music to drive away melancholy. His knowledge of medicine was applied very largely to himself, becoming almost a superstition in its detail. As a philologist his worth was recognized and Renchlin sent him pupils from Germany. Angelo Poliziano was one of his pupils.
    As a translator his work was painstaking and falthful, though his acquaintance with Greek and Latin was by no means perfect. He translated the "Argo-nautica", the "Orphic Hymns", Homer's "Hymns", and Hesiod's "Theogony"; his translation of Plato appeared before the Greek text of Plato was published. He also translated Plotinus, Porphyry, Proclus, Iamblichus, Alcinous, Synesius, Psellus, the "Golden Thoughts" of Pythagoras, and the works of Dionysius the Areopagite. When a young man he wrote an "Introduction to the Philosophy of Plato"; his most important work was "Theologia Platonica de animarum lmmortalitate" (Florence, 1482); a shorter form of this work is found in his "Compendium theologiae Platonicae". He respects Aristotle and calls St. Thomas the "glory of theology"; yet for him Plato is the philosopher. Christianity, he says, must rest on philosophic grounds; in Plato alone do we find the arguments to support its claims, hence he considers the revival of Plato an intervention of Providence. Plato does not stop at immediate causes, but rises to the highest cause, God, in Whom he sees all things. The Philosophy of Plato is a logical outcome of previous thought, beginning with the Egyptians and advancing step by step till Plato takes up the mysteries of religion and casts them in a form that made it possible for the neo-Platonist to set them forth clearly. The seed is to be found in Plato, its full expression in the neo-Platonists. Ficino follows this line of thought in speaking of the human soul, which he considered as the image of the God-head, a part of the great chain of existence coming forth from God and leading back to the same source, giving us at the same time a view of the attributes of God of his relations to the world. His style is not always clear. Perhaps his distinctive merit rests on the fact that he introduced Platonic philosophy to Europe. Besides the works already mentioned, he left: "De religione Christiana et fidei pietate", dedicated to Lorenzo de' Medici; "In Epistolas Pauli commentaria", Marsilii Ficini Epistolae (Venice, 1491; Florence, 1497). His collected works: Opera (Florence,1491, Venice, 1516, Basel, 1561).
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Marsilio Ficino — also known as Marsillio Ficino Bust of Marsilio Ficino by Andrea Ferrucci in Florence s Cathedral. Full name Marsilio Ficino also known as Marsillio Ficino Born October 19, 1433 Figline Valdarno Died October 1, 1499 …   Wikipedia

  • Marsilio Ficino — (1433 1499). Filósofo renacentista florentino, líder de la Academia Neoplatónica de Florencia, protegido de Cosme de Medici y de sus sucesores, incluyendo Lorenzo de Medici (llamado el Magnífico ) fue el artífice del renacimiento del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marsilio Ficino — Büste Ficinos von Andrea di Piero Ferrucci im Dom von Florenz, 1521 Marsilio Ficino (* 19. Oktober 1433 in Figline Valdarno; † 1. Oktober 1499 in Careggi bei Florenz) war ein Humanist und Philosoph. Er gehört zu den bekanntesten Persönlichkeiten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marsilio Ficino — Retrato de Marsilio Ficino, grabado de Edme de Boulonois. Marsilio Ficino (19 de octubre de 1433, en Figline Valdarno (cerca de Florencia) 1 de octubre de 1499, en Careggi (alrededores de Florencia) fue el artífice del renacimiento del… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ficino — Büste Ficinos von Andrea di Piero Ferrucci im Dom von Florenz, 1521 Marsilio Ficino (* 19. Oktober 1433 in Figline Valdarno; † 1. Oktober 1499 in Careggi bei Florenz) war ein Humanist und Philosoph. Er gehört zu den bekannte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ficino, Marsilio — (1433– 99)    Philosopher and Mystic.    Ficino was born near Florence. Under the patronage of Cosimo de’ Medici, he studied Greek philosophy and by 1477 he had translated all the dialogues of Plato. He was the founder of the Platonic Academy in… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Ficino, Marsilio — (1433 1499)    Priest, doctor, musician, translator of ancient texts, writer, philosopher, and key figure of the Renaissance. Marsilio Ficino enjoyed the patronage of the Medici rulers of Florence. While in the service of Cosimo de Medici, Ficino …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Ficino — Marsile Ficin Marsile Ficin Philosophe italien Renaissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ficino, Marsilio — • Entry on this Renaissance Platonist, by M. Schumacher. Details his life and explores his relation to the classical thinkers Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ficino —   [fi tʃiːno], Marsilio, italienischer Arzt, Humanist und Philosoph, * Florenz, 19. 10. 1433, ✝ Careggi (heute zu Florenz) 1. 10. 1499; 1473 zum Priester geweiht. Gefördert von Cosimo de Medici, wurde er zum Mittelpunkt des Florentiner… …   Universal-Lexikon

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