Pope Pius III
- Pope Pius IIIPope Pius III† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius III(Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini).B. at Siena, 29 May, 1439; elected 22 Sept., 1503; d. in Rome, 18 Oct., 1503, after a pontificate of four weeks. Piccolomini was the son of a sister of Pius II. He had passed his boyhood in destitute circumstances when his uncle took him into his household, bestowed upon him his family name and arms, and superintended his training and education. He studied law in Perugia and immediately after receiving the doctorate as canonist was appointed by his uncle Archbishop of Siena, and on 5 March, 1460, cardinal-deacon ( see Cardinal, II ) with the title of S. Eustachio. The following month he was sent as legate to the March of Ancona, with the experienced Bishop of Marsico as his counsellor. "The only thing objectionable about him", says Voigt (Enea Silvio, III, 531), "was his youth; for in the administration of his legation and in his later conduct at the curia he proved to be a man of spotless character and many-sided capacity." He was sent by Paul II as legate to Germany, where he acquitted himself with eminent success, the knowledge of German that he had acquired in his uncle's house being of great advantage to him. During the worldly reigns of Sixtus IV and Alexander VI he kept away from Rome as much as possible. Sigismondo de Conti, who knew him well tells us that "he left no moment unoccupied; his time for study was before daybreak; he spent his mornings in prayer and his midday hours in giving audiences, to which the humblest had easy access. He was so temperate in food and drink that he only allowed himself an evening meal every other day." Yet this is the excellent man to whom Gregorovius in his "Lucrezia Borgia", without a shadow of authority, gives a dozen children—the calumny being repeated by Brosch and Creighton. After the death of Alexander VI, the conclave ( see Conclave ) could not unite on the principal candidates, d'Amboise, Rovere, and Sforza; hence the great majority cast their votes for Piccolomini, who though only sixty-four was, like his uncle, tortured with gout and was prematurely old. He took the name of Pius III in honour of his uncle, was crowned on 8 Oct., after receiving priestly and episcopal orders. The strain of the long ceremony was so great that the pope sank under it. He was buried in St. Peter's, but his remains were later transferred to S. Andrea della Valle where he rests by the side of Pius II.PASTOR, History of the Popes, VI, 185 sqq.; PANVINIO, Continuation of Platina; VON REUMONT, Gesch. der Stadt Rom; ARTAND DE MONTOR, History of the Popes (New York, 1867).JAMES F. LAUGHLINTranscribed by Herman F. Holbrook Ut in omnibus glorificetur Deus per Iesum Christum.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Pope Pius III — Infobox Pope English name=Pius III birth name=Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini term start=September 22, 1503 term end=October 18, 1503 predecessor=Alexander VI successor=Julius II birth date=birth date|1439|5|29|mf=y birthplace=Siena, Italy… … Wikipedia
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Pius III — Pope Pius III † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Pius III (Francesco Todeschini Piccolomini). B. at Siena, 29 May, 1439; elected 22 Sept., 1503; d. in Rome, 18 Oct., 1503, after a pontificate of four weeks. Piccolomini was the son of… … Catholic encyclopedia
Pope Pius II — Infobox pope English name=Pius II birth name=Enea Silvio Piccolomini term start=August 19, 1458 term end=August 14, 1464 predecessor=Callixtus III successor=Paul II birth date=birth date|1405|10|18|mf=y birthplace=Corsignano, Italy… … Wikipedia
Pope Pius — There have been 12 Popes of the Roman Catholic Church who were named Pius: *Pope Pius I (c. 140 ndash;154, but Vatican lists 142/146 ndash; 157/161) *Pope Pius II (1458 ndash;1464) *Pope Pius III (1503 ndash;1503) *Pope Pius IV (1559 ndash;1565)… … Wikipedia