St. Hyginus

St. Hyginus
    Pope St. Hyginus
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Pope St. Hyginus
    Reigned about 138-142; succeeded Pope Telesphorus, who, according to Eusebius (Hist. eccl., IV, xv), died during the first year of the reign of the Emperor Antonius Pius — in 138 or 139, therefore. But the chronology of these bishops of Rome cannot be determined with any degree of exactitude by the help of the authorities at our disposal to-day. According to the "Liber Pontificalis", Hyginus was a Greek by birth. The further statement that he was previously a philosopher is probably founded on the similarity of his name with that of two Latin authors. Irenaeus says (Adv. haereses, III, iii) that the Gnostic Valentine came to Rome in Hyginus's time, remaining there until Anicetus became pontiff. Cerdo, another Gnostic and predecessor of Marcion, also lived at Rome in the reign of Hyginus; by confessing his errors and recanting he succeeded in obtaining readmission into the bosom of the Church, but eventually he fell back into the heresies and was expelled from the Church. How many of these events took place during the time of Hyginus is not known. The "Liber Pontificalis" also relates that this pope organized the hierachy and established the order of ecclesiastical precedence (Hic clerum composuit et distribuit gradus). This general observation recurs also in the biography of Pope Hormisdas; it has no historical value, and according to Duchesne, the writer probably referred to the lower orders of the clergy. Eusebius (Hist. eccl. IV, xvi) claims that Hyginus's pontificate lasted four years. The ancient authorities contain no information as to his having died a martyr. At his death he was buried on the Vatican Hill, near the tomb of St. Peter. His feast is celebrated on 11 January.
    DUCHESNE, (ed.) Liber Pontificalis, I, 131; Acta Ss., Jan. I, 665; HARNACK, Geschichte der altchristl. Literatur, II: Die Chronologie, I (Leipzig, 1897), 144 sq.
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hyginus (disambiguation) — Hyginus can refer to: *Gaius Julius Hyginus (c. 64 BC 17 AD), Roman poet, author of Fabulae , reputed author of Poeticon astronomicon *Hyginus Gromaticus, Roman surveyor *Pseudo Hyginus, author of De Munitionibus Castrorum formerly attributed to… …   Wikipedia

  • Hyginus — ist: der Name von: Gaius Iulius Hyginus, römischer Gelehrter der augusteischen Zeit Hyginus Mythographus, Autor einer lateinischen Fabelsammlung und eines astronomischen Handbuchs Hyginus Gromaticus, römischer Geodät des 1. Jahrhunderts Pseudo… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hyginus (Bischof von Rom) — Hyginus (* in Griechenland, möglicherweise Athen; † 142 in Rom) war Bischof von Rom (etwa 138–142). Über Hyginus ist fast nichts überliefert. Er soll Athener und Philosoph gewesen sein oder aber der Sohn eines Athener Philosophen. Während seines… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hyginus Gromaticus — Hyginus Gromaticus, (surname from groma , a surveyor’s measuring rod) was a Latin writer on land surveying, who flourished in the reign of Trajan (A.D. 98 ndash;117). Fragments of a work on legal boundaries attributed to him will be found in C. F …   Wikipedia

  • Hygīnus — Hygīnus, 1) Cajus Julius H., aus Hispanien[665] um 10 n. Chr., Freigelassener des Kaisers Augustus, Ovids Freund, Aufseher über die Palatinische Bibliothek. Von seinen Schriften sind noch vorhanden (wenn diese nicht einem späteren H. zukommen):… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hygīnus — Hygīnus, 1) Gajus Julius, röm. Grammatiker, aus Spanien, Freigelassener des Augustus und Vorsteher der palatinischen Bibliothek, war auf den verschiedensten Gebieten schriftstellerisch tätig. Seinen Namen tragen, mit welchem Recht ist zweifelhaft …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hyginus — Hygīnus, Gajus Jul., röm. Grammatiker im Zeitalter des Augustus, gilt für den Verfasser von »Fabulae« (hg. von M. Schmidt, 1872) und »Poeticon astronomicon«, in den Handschriften »De astronomia« betitelt (hg. von Bunte, 1875) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hyginus — Hyginus, Cajus Julius, gelehrter röm. Grammatiker u. ein Freigelassener des Kaisers Augustus. Unter den vielerlei Werken, die ihm zugeschrieben werden, kamen auf uns »Libri Poëticôn astronomicôn«, 1. Ausg. Ferrara 1475, spätere durch van Staveren …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hyginus, St. — Hyginus, St., Papst, regierte nach Pagi 137 bis anfangs 141, nach Döllinger und Alzog aber bis 142 n. Chr. Fast nichts Sicheres bekannt, Decretalen unecht; Gedächtnißtag 10. od. 11. Jan …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Hyginus, Pope Saint — • Greek by birth, the successor of Pope Telesphorus. Died in about 142 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Hyginus Mythographus — Unter dem Namen Hyginus sind zwei lateinische Werke des 2. Jahrhunderts n. Chr. überliefert. In der vorliegenden Form stammen diese sicher nicht von dem gleichnamigen Bibliothekar Gaius Julius Hyginus des Kaisers Augustus; es könnte sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.