Raphael Semmes

Raphael Semmes
    Raphael Semmes
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Raphael Semmes
    Naval officer, b. in Charles County, Maryland, U.S.A., 27 September, 1809; d. at Point Clear, Alabama, 26 August, 1877. His family were descendants from one of the original Catholic colonists of Maryland, from which state he was appointed a midshipman in the U.S. Navy 1 April, 1826. He served until 1832, when he was given leave of absence extending until July, 1835, during which time he studied law and was admitted to practice. Rejoining the navy, he served with distinction, attaining the rank of commander, until the outbreak of the Civil War, when he resigned and cast his lot with the seceding state of Alabama, of which he became a citizen in 1841. He was appointed commander in the Confederate States Navy, 25 March 1861; Captain, 21 August, 1862; Rear-Admiral, 10 February, 1865; and retired to civil life after the surrender of the forces under General J. E. Johnston at Greensboro, North Carolina, 26 April, 1865. As commander of the Confederate privateer Sumter he destroyed, during six months in 1861, eighteen ships, and the next year, taking command of the Alabama, he began the famous cruise during which he captured sixty-nine vessels and inflicted a blow on the sea-carrying trade of the United States from which it has not yet recovered. After the Alabama was sunk off the French coast by the Kearsarge, 19 June, 1864, he escaped to England, whence he later returned to Virginia and was engaged in the defenses about Richmond. At the end of the war he went to his home in Mobile, Alabama, and opened a law office. He also edited a paper, and for a time was a professor in the Louisiana Military Institute. His destruction of the mercantile marine during his cruise in the privateer Alabama so embittered northern public opinion against him that, although he was pardoned with other prominent Confederate leaders under the amnesty proclamation of President Johnson, his political disabilities were never removed. He was the author of "Service Afloat and Ashore During the Mexican War" (1851); "The Campaign of General Scott in the Valley of Mexico" (1852); "The Cruise of the Alabama and Sumter" (1864); and "Memoirs of Services Afloat during the War between the States" (1869).
    [Note: It is inaccurate to call the Sumter and Alabama "privateers", as they were warships commissioned by the Confederate States of America.]
    FUREY in U. S. Hist. Soc. Records and Studies (New York, 1911); Morning Star (New Orleans), files; Nat. Cyclo. Am. Biog., s. v.
    THOMAS F. MEEHAN
    Transcribed by Joseph E. O'Connor

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Raphael Semmes — (* 27. September 1809 in Charles County, Maryland; † 30. August 1877 in Mobile, Alabama) war ein Seemann, Jurist, Kapitän, Admiral und General. Raphael Semmes, der als Zehnjähriger zur Waise wurde, trat mit 15 Jahren als Seemann in die …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Raphaël Semmes — Raphael Semmes Raphael Semmes Raphael Semmes (27 septembre 1809 – 30 août 1877) fut un officier dans l United States Navy de 1826 à 1860 et de la Confederate States Navy de 1860 à 1865.Durant la Gu …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Raphael — /raf ee euhl, ray fee , rah fuy el /, n. 1. (Raffaello Santi or Sanzio) 1483 1520, Italian painter. 2. one of the archangels. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning healing of the Lord. * * * I In the Bible and the Qurān, one of the… …   Universalium

  • Semmes, Raphael — (27 sep. 1809, cond. Charles, Md., EE.UU.–30 ago. 1877, Mobile, Ala.). Oficial de marina estadounidense. Ingresó a la armada de EE.UU. en 1826; en la guerra mexicano estadounidense estuvo al mando del desembarco en Veracruz. Como residente de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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