Ancient See of Ratzeburg
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ancient See of Ratzeburg
    In Germany, suffragan to Hamburg. The diocese embraced the Duchy of Lauenburg (Holstein) in the Prussian Province of Schleswig-Holstein, the Principality of Ratzeburg in the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and the western part of the Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, including Wismar but not Schwerin. The whole of it is now included in the Diocese of Osnabruck.
    Ratzeburg was one of the dioceses formed about 1050 by Adalbert I, Archbishop of Hamburg, who appointed St. Aristo, who had just returned from Jerusalem, to the new see. Aristo seems to have been but a wandering missionary bishop. In 1066 the Wends rose against their German masters, and on 15 July, 1066, St. Ansuerus, Abbot of St. George's, Ratzeburg (not the later monastery bearing that name), and several of his monks are said to have been stoned to death. It was not however till 1154 that Henry the Lion, Duke of Saxony, and Hartwich, Archbishop of Hamburg, refounded the See of Ratzeburg, and Evermodus became its first bishop. A disciple of St. Norbert and provost of the Monastery of Our Lady at Magdeburg, Evermodus was, like many of his successors, a Premonstratensian monk and a model of all virtues. In 1157 a chapter was attached to Ratzeburg cathedral by Pope Adrian IV. In 1236 Bishop Peter was invested by Emperor Frederick II with temporal jurisdiction over the land of Butin and a number of villages outside it (the Principality of Ratzeburg). The succeeding bishops retained this jurisdiction in spite of the frequent attempts which the dukes of Sachsen-Lauenburg made to deprive them of it. In 1504, during the episcopate of Bishop John V von Parkentin, the Premonstratensian canons of Ratzeburg cathedral were, with Papal consent, made secular canons. Bishop George von Blumenthal (1524-50) was the last Catholic bishop. In 1552 the cathedral was plundered by Count Volrad von Mansfeld. In 1566 the dean and chapter went over to Lutheranism.
    The cathedral of Ratzeburg dates from the beginning of the twelfth century. It was restored, and additions were made to it in the fifteenth century. The diocese also contained a number of other beautiful churches at Molln, Wismar, Buchen, and elsewhere. Besides the cathedral chapter of Ratzeburg with its provost or dean and twelve canons, there were in the diocese the Benedictine Abbeys of St. George, Ratzeburg (refounded in 1093), and of Wismar, where Benedictines expelled from Lubeck founded a monastery in 1239; also convents of the same order at Eldena founded in 1229, by Bishop Gottschalk of Ratzeburg, and burnt in 1290, at Rehna founded in 1237 by Bishop Ludolfus, and at Zarrentin founded in 1243. There were also Franciscans (1251) and Dominicans (1293) at Wismar.
    Mecklenburgisches Urkundenbuch (23 vols., Schwerin, 1863); Codex diplomaticus lubecensis (11 vols., Lubeck, 1843-1902); Diplomatarium raceburgense in De Wesphalen. monumenta. inedita rerum germanicarum (Leipzig, 1740), coll. 1997- 2335; SCHRODER, Papistisches Mecklenburg (2 vols., Wismar, 1739-41); Vaterlandisches Archiv des Vereins fur das Herzogthum Lauenburg, I (Ratzeburg, 1857); Archiv des Vereins fur die Geschichte Lauenburgs, new series, I-V, VII (Molln, 1884-), pt. 2; MASCH, Geschichte des Bisthums Ratzeburg (Rostock, 1832); NEUENDORFF, Die Stiftslander des ehemaligen Bisthums Ratzeburg (Rostock, 1832), with a map of the diocese in 1231.
    Transcribed by Herman F. Holbrook For the glory of God and in honor of Saint Philomena.

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ratzeburg — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda | Ratzeburg Localización en Alemania y en Europa …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ratzeburg [2] — Ratzeburg (ehemals Raciburgum), Hauptstadt des Kreises Herzogtum Lauenburg im preuß. Regbez. Schleswig, zum Teil auch zum mecklenburg strelitzschen Fürstentum R. (s. oben) gehörig, liegt auf einer im 12 km langen, 2 km breiten Ratzeburger See… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg [1] — Ratzeburg, 1) mecklenburg strelitzisches Fürstenthum, liegt zwischen Dänemark u. Lübeck; 61/2 QM., 16,400 Ew.; wird von der Trave u. dem Ratzeburgischen See bewässert, bringt Feldfrüchte, hat gute Fischerei u. etwas Schifffahrt auf dem See. – Das …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg [2] — Ratzeburg, Julius Theodor Christian, geb. 1801 in Berlin, prakticirte seit 1825 als Arzt daselbst u. wurde 1830 Professor der Naturwissenschaften an der Forstakademie zu Neustadt Eberswalde; er schr.: Die Forstinsecten, Berl. 1837–1840, 2 Bde., 1 …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg [1] — Ratzeburg, ein zum Großherzogtum Mecklenburg Strelitz gehöriges Fürstentum, liegt davon getrennt zwischen Schleswig Holstein, Mecklenburg Schwerin und dem lübeckischen Gebiet, 382 qkm (6,94 QM.) groß, wird von der Trave und dem Ratzeburger See… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg — Ratzeburg, Kreisstadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Schleswig, Kreis Hzgt. Lauenburg, auf einer Insel des Ratzeburger Sees, (1905) 4341 E., Garnison, Amtsgericht, Dom (1172), Gymnasium, Lehrerseminar. – Vgl. Schmidt, »Chronik von R.« (1882). – Das zu… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg [2] — Ratzeburg, Julius Theodor, Entomolog, geb. 16. Febr. 1801 in Berlin, 1830 69 Prof. an der Forstakademie zu Eberswalde, gest. 24. Okt. 1871 in Berlin; schrieb: »Die Forstinsekten« (3 Bde., 1837 44), »Die Waldverderber« (1841; 8. Aufl. von Judeich… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg — Ratzeburg, mecklenburg strelitzisches Fürstenthum, Enclave zwischen Mecklenburg Schwerin, Lauenburg und dem lübeckischen Gebiet, 61/2 QM. groß, mit 16000 E. Die Stadt R. auf einer Insel des gleichnamigen Sees hat 3500 E., gehört größtentheils zu… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Ratzeburg — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ratzeburg — Infobox German Location Art = Stadt image photo = Ratzeburg Cathedral.jpg Wappen = Ratzeburg Wappen.png lat deg = 53 |lat min = 42 | lat sec = 06 lon deg = 10 |lon min = 45 | lon sec = 24 Bundesland = Schleswig Holstein Kreis = Lauenburg Höhe =… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.