The Old Chapter

The Old Chapter
    The Old Chapter
     Catholic_Encyclopedia The Old Chapter
    The origin of the body, fomerly known as the Old Chapter, dates from 1623, when after a period of more than half a century during which there was no episcopal government in England, Dr. William Bishop was at length created vicar apostolic, He survived less than a year; but during this period he organized a regular form of ecclesiastical government, by means of archdeacons and rural deans, throughout the country which continued in force with little change down to the re- establishment of the hierarchy in 1850. An integral part of his scheme was the creation of a chapter consisting of twenty-four canons with Rev. John Colleton as dean. The ecclesiastical status of the chapter has always been a matter of dispute. A chapter without a diocese is an anomaly, unknown in canon law, and Rome always refrained from any positive act of recognition. On the other hand, she equally refrained from any censure, although it was known that the chapter was claiming and exercising large functions. They therefore argued that the chapter existed "sciente et tacente sede apostolica" (with the knowledgte and silent consent of the pope) and that this was sufficient to give it a canonical status. When Dr. Bishop died they sent a list of names from which his successor might be chosen, and the Holy See accepted their action choosing the first name—Dr. Richard Smith. Three years later he had to leave the country, and spent the rest of his life in Paris. After his death the chapter assumed the right to rule the country in the vacancy of the episcopal office, and for thirty years all faculties were issued by the dean who claimed the verbal approval of Alexander VII.
    When James II ascended the throne, and England was divided into four districts or vicariates, the position of the chapter became still more anomalous. Dr. Leyburn, the first vicar Apostolic of that reign, was required to take an oath not to recognize the chapter, and a decree was issued in gerneral terms suspending all jurisdiction of chapters of regulars and seculars so long as there were vicars Apostolic in England; but doubt was felt whether this was meant to apply to the Old Chapter, for the very reason that its position was anomalous. In practice, however, they submitted, and ceased to exercise any acts of jurisdiction; but they continued their existence. The vicars Apostolic themselves were usually members.
    When the hierarchy was reestablished in 1850, a chapter was erected in each diocese, and whatever claims to jurisdiction the Old Chapter had, from that time ceased. Not wishing to dissolve, however, they reconstituted themselves as the "Old Brotherhood of the Secular Clergy", the dean of the chapter becoming president of the brotherhood. Under this title they have continued to the present day. They meet twice a year and distribute their funds to various charities.
    SERGEANT, Transactions of English Secular Clergy (1706), reprinted by WILLIAM TURNBULL, as An account of the Chapter (1853); KIRK, History of the Chapter (MS.); DODD, Church History of England, ed. TIERNEY; WARD, Catholic London a Century ago (1905); BURTON, Life of Challoner (1910); WARD, Dawn of the Catholic Revival (1909). See also KIRK'S Biographies, edited by POLLEN and BURTON (1909), containing a list of capitulars (p. 273); most of the proceedings of the chapter during the eighteenth century can be found scattered among the biographies.
    BERNARD WARD.
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • (the) Social Chapter — the Social Chapter [the Social Chapter] a section of the ↑Maastricht Treaty that deals with people’s rights. It proposed European laws to protect the rights of employees to be paid fairly and to work in safe conditions, the rights of old people… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Old Chapter — The Old Chapter was the body in effective control of the Roman Catholic Church in England, from 1623 to 1850 (when the hierarchy was restored). Origin The origin of the body known as the Old Chapter, dates from 1623, when after a period of more… …   Wikipedia

  • Old Chapter, The — • The origin of the body, fomerly known as the Old Chapter, dates from 1623 . . . Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • The Old Red Hippopotamus — is the second novel by Hussein Bassir, following In Search For Khnum , and was published in 2005 by the Egyptian General Organization of the Book of Cairo. Like the previous novel, this new story is inspired by the legacy of ancient Egypt, while… …   Wikipedia

  • The Old Straight Track — is a book by Alfred Watkins that was first published in 1925 describing ley lines in the United Kingdom. The full title is The Old Straight Track: Its Mounds, Beacons, Moats, Sites and Mark Stones . After he first suggested ley lines in 1921,… …   Wikipedia

  • The NeverEnding Story II: The Next Chapter — US theatrical release poster Directed by George T. Miller …   Wikipedia

  • The Old Curiosity Shop — For adaptations of the novel, see The Old Curiosity Shop (disambiguation). For the Seattle business, see Ye Olde Curiosity Shop. The Old Curiosity Shop …   Wikipedia

  • The Old Willis Place — Infobox short story | name = The Old Willis Place title orig = The Old Willis Place : A Ghost Story author = Mary Downing Hahn language = English genre = Horror/Ghost Story publisher = Clarion Books media type = Paperback, Hardcover pub date =… …   Wikipedia

  • Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory — The Northern Cherokee Nation of the Old Louisiana Territory is a 501(c)(3) non profit organization of individuals who self identify as Cherokee but have not been recognized as a government. Members live primarily in Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas,… …   Wikipedia

  • Christian views on the old covenant — Depicted is the famous Sermon on the Mount of Jesus in which he commented on the Old Covenant. Christians believe that Jesus is the mediator of the New Covenant.[1] Painting by Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter, d. 1890 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.