Lay brothers in a religious order. The term was originally applied to those who, in adult life, voluntarily renounced the world and entered a religious order to do penance and to lead a life of greater perfection

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Conversi
    Lay brothers in a religious order. The term was originally applied to those who, in adult life, voluntarily renounced the world and entered a religious order to do penance and to lead a life of greater perfection. The renouncing of the world was known as the conversio a sæculo, which had as its object a reform or change of life, the conversio morum, hence conversi or the "converted". The conversi were thus distinguished from the oblati or those who, as children, were presented or offered (oblati) by their parents to the religious life and were placed in a monastery to receive proper religious instruction and to be educated in profane knowledge. In the eleventh century St. John Gualbert, founder of the Benedictine congregation known as the Vallisumbrosani, introduced for the first time a distinction between the fratres conversi, or lay brothers, and priests, or choir religious. For among the conversi there were not seldom those who were either entirely illiterate, or who in the world had led a life of public scandal, or had been notorious criminals, and while on the one hand it was unjust that such should be debarred from the means of doing penance in the cloister and from the other benefits of the religious life, they were at the same time hardly to be considered fit subjects for the reception of Sacred orders. They were thus received into the order for the purpose of engaging in manual labour and occasionally for directing the temporal affairs of the monastery. In modern canonical usage the term conversus is synonymous, or nearly so, with that of lay brother. What has been said of religious orders of men can, in general, be applied equally to those of women, though the distinction between conversæ, or lay sisters, and choir religious does not appear to have been introduced before the twelfth century. As a rule, the conversi wear a habit different from that of the choir religious; but the essential obligations of the vows and of the monastic life in general are alike for all. (See LAY BROTHER and OBLATI.)
    KAULEN in Kirchenlex., s. v. For the large share of these conversi, or lay brothers, in the development of medieval agriculture, monastic administration, etc. see HOFFMANN, Das Konverseninstitut des Cisterzienserordens (Freiburg, Switzerland, 1905).
    Transcribed by Anthony J. Stokes

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Conversi — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Donato Paolo Conversi (1697–1760), italienischer Maler Fabio Conversi (* 1950), italienischer Kameramann und Filmproduzent Girolamo Conversi (16. Jahrhundert), italienischer Komponist Marcello Conversi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CONVERSI — dicti vulgo, qui a Iudaica vel Mahomerana superstitione, ad fidem Christianam convertebantur. Hinc narrant Matth. Paris. et Matth. Westmon. sub A. C. 1233. Henricum III. Anglor. Regem exstruxisse Londini Comum Conversorum, pro errorem Iudaicum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Conversi — (lat.), Bekehrte; C. fratres, so v. w. Laienbrüder …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • conversi — con·vèr·si pass.rem. → convergere, convertire, convertirsi …   Dizionario italiano

  • conversi — {{hw}}{{conversi}}{{/hw}}V. convergere, convertire …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • Conversi — lay converts who had entered the monastic life as adults and were employed in manual labour; also known as lay brothers …   Medieval glossary

  • conversi — plural of conversus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Girolamo Conversi — (fl. 1572 – 1575) was an Italian composer of the late Renaissance. His music, which was popular from the 1570s through the 1590s, was noted for its combination of the light canzone alla napolitana with the literary and musical sophistication of… …   Wikipedia

  • Fabio Conversi — (* 1950 in Rom) ist ein italienischer Kameramann und Filmproduzent. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Filmografie (Auswahl) 2.1 Regisseur 2.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Конвертиты — (Conversi, Convertiten) в Австро Венгрии обозначение лиц, переходящих из протестантства или иудейства в католичество. К. до обращения обязаны представить свидетельства о прежнем поведении и дать обещание не только по имени, но и по нраву и роду… …   Энциклопедический словарь Ф.А. Брокгауза и И.А. Ефрона

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.