Cure of Souls

Cure of Souls
Technically, the exercise of a clerical office involving the instruction, by sermons and admonitions, and the sanctification, through the sacraments, of the faithful in a determined district, by a person legitimately a ppointed for the purpose

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Cure of Souls
    Cure of Souls
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Cure of Souls
    (Lat. cura animarum), technically, the exercise of a clerical office involving the instruction, by sermons and admonitions, and the sanctification, through the sacraments, of the faithful in a determined district, by a person legitimately a ppointed for the purpose. Those specially having cure of souls are the pope for the entire Church, the bishops in their dioceses, and the parish priests in their respective parishes. Others may likewise have part in the cure of souls in subordination to these. Thus in missionary countries where espiscopal sees have not yet been erected, those who labour for the salvation of souls are in a special manner sharers of the particular responsibility of the Vicar of Christ for those regions. In like manner, a parish priest may have curates who attend to the wants of a particular portion of the parish, subordinate to himself. The object of the cure of souls is the salvation of men, and hence it is a continuation of Christ's mission on earth. As the Reedeemer established a church which was to govern, teach, and sanctify the world, it necessarily follows that those who are to assist in the work of the Church must obtain their mission from her alone. "How shall they preach, unless they be sent?" (Rom., x, 15).
    The canonical mission of a priest is derived from the Apostolic succession in the Church. This succession is twofold: Holy orders and authority. The first is perpetuated by means of bishops; the latter by the living magistracy of the Church, of which the head is the pope, who is the source of jurisdiction. Both elements enter into the mission of him who has cure of souls: Holy orders, that he may offer sacrifice and administer the sacraments, which are the ordinary channels of sanctification employe d by the Holy Ghost; and jurisdiction, that he may teach correct doctrine, free his subjects from sins and censures, and govern them in accordance with the canons of the Church. The power of Holy orders is radically common to all priests by virtue of the ir valid oridination, but the power of jurisdiction is ordinary only in pope, bishops, and parish priests, and extraordinary or delegated in others. It is plain, then, that while valid orders may exsist outside the Catholic Church, jurisdiction cannot, a s its source is the Vicar of Christ and it is possessed only so far as he confers it or does not limit it. The duties of those who have cure of souls are all carefully defined in the sacred cannons. (see Pope; Bishop; Parish Priest.)
    We have here touched only upon what is common to the idea of a pastor of the faithful. It is plain that the closer the bond exsisting between the subordinate members of the hierarchy and their superiors, and between pastors and their people, the more ef fective will be the work done for the salvation of souls. If the pastor be earnest in preaching and admonishing, unremitting in the tribunal of penance and visitaion of the sick, charitable to the poor, kind yet firm in his dealings with all the members of his flock, observant of the regulations of the Church as to his office and particularly that of dwelling among his people (see Residence, Ecclesiastical), that he may know them and bring them succour at all times; and if, on the other hand, the people be truly desirous for their own salvation, obedient towards their pastor, zealous to obtain and employ the means of sanctification, and mindful of their obligations as members of a parish to enable their pastor to institute and improve the parochial insti tutions necessary for the proper furtherance of the object of the Church, we shall have the true idea of the cure of souls as intended by Christ and as legislated for in the canons of His Church.
    Transcribed by Kristen M. Zebro Dedicated to the memory of John and Ann Zebro

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cure of souls — In some denominations of Christianity, the cure of souls (Latin: cura animarum), an archaic translation which is better rendered today as care of souls, is the exercise by a priest of his office. This typically embraces instruction, by sermons… …   Wikipedia

  • Cure of souls — Soul Soul, n. [OE. soule, saule, AS. s[=a]wel, s[=a]wl; akin to OFries. s?le, OS. s?ola, D. ziel, G. seele, OHG. s?la, s?ula, Icel. s[=a]la, Sw. sj[ a]l, Dan. si[ae]l, Goth. saiwala; of uncertain origin, perhaps akin to L. saeculum a lifetime,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cure of Souls — Cure ♦ Responsibility for the care of souls of others. (Heath, Peter. Church and Realm, 1272 1461, 361) …   Medieval glossary

  • cure of souls —  Врачеватель душ …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • cure of souls — In ecclesiastical law, the ecclesiastical or spiritual charge of a parish, including the usual and regular duties of a minister in charge …   Black's law dictionary

  • cure of souls — The pastoral charge of a parish …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Cure — (k[=u]r), n. [OF, cure care, F., also, cure, healing, cure of souls, L. cura care, medical attendance, cure; perh. akin to cavere to pay heed, E. cution. Cure is not related to care.] 1. Care, heed, or attention. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] Of study… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cure — I. noun Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo French, from Medieval Latin & Latin; Medieval Latin cura, cure of souls, from Latin, care Date: 14th century 1. a. spiritual charge ; care b. pastoral charge of a parish 2. a. recovery or relief from… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Cure — The complete phrase is cure of souls . It refers to the priest s responsibility for the souls of his parishioners; from which *curate. [< Lat. cura = care] Cf. Curator …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

  • cure — [kyoor] n. [OFr < L cura, care, concern, trouble < OL * coira < IE base * kois , be concerned] 1. a healing or being healed; restoration to health or a sound condition 2. a medicine or treatment for restoring health; remedy 3. a system,… …   English World dictionary

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