- Ely• Ancient diocese in England
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- ElyEly† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► ElyANCIENT DIOCESE OF ELY (ELIENSIS; ELIA OR ELYS).Ancient diocese in England. The earliest historical notice of Ely is given by Venerable Bede who writes (Hist. Eccl., IV, xix): "Ely is in the province of the East Angles, a country of about six hundred families, in the nature of an island, enclosed either with marshes or waters, and therefore it has its name from the great abundance of eels which are taken in those marshes." This district was assigned in 649 to Etheldreda, or Audrey, daughter of Anna, King of the East Angles, as a dowry in her marriage with Tonbert of the South Girvii. After her second marriage to Egfrid, King of Northumbria, she became a nun, and in 673 returned to Ely and founded a monastery on the site of the present cathedral. As endowment she gave it her entire principality of the isle, from which subsequent Bishops of Ely derived their temporal power. St. Etheldreda died in 679, and her shrine became a place of pilgrimage. In 870 the monastery was destroyed by the Danes, having already given to the Church four sainted abbesses, Sts. Etheldreda, Sexburga, Ermenilda, and Werburga. Probably under their rule there was a community of monks as well as a convent of nuns, but when in 970 the monastery was restored by King Edgar and Bishop Ethelwold it was a foundation for monks only. For more than a century the monastery flourished, till about the year 1105 Abbot Richard suggested the creation of the See of Ely, to relieve the enormous Diocese of Lincoln. The pope's brief erecting the new bishopric was issued 21 Nov., 1108, and in Oct., 1109, the king granted his charter, the first bishop being Harvey, former Bishop of Bangor. The monastery church thus became one of the "conventual" cathedrals. Of this building the transepts and two bays of the nave already existed, and in 1170 the nave as it stands to-day (a complete and perfect specimen of late Norman work) was finished. As the bishops succeeded to the principality of St. Etheldreda they enjoyed palatine power and great resources. Much of their wealth they spent on their cathedral, with the result that Ely can show beautiful examples of gothic architecture of every period, including two unique features, the unrivalled Galilee porch (1198-1215) and the central octagon (1322-1328) which rises from the whole breadth of the building and towers up until its roof forms the only Gothic dome in existence. The western tower (215 feet) was built between 1174 and 1197, and the octagon was added to it in 1400. Of the cathedral as a whole it is true that "a more vast, magnificent and beautiful display of ecclesiastical architecture and especially of the different periods of the pointed style can scarcely be conceived" (Winkles, English Cathedrals, II, 46). It is fortunate in having perfect specimens of each of the successive styles of Gothic architecture: the Early English Galilee porch, the Decorated lady-chapel (1321-1349), and the Perpendicular chantry of Bishop Alcock (c. 1500)The original Catholic diocese was much smaller than the present Anglican see and consisted of Cambridgeshire alone, while even of this county a small part belonged to Norwich diocese. The bishops of Ely usually held high office in the State and the roll includes many names of famous statesmen, including eight lord chancellors and six lord treasurers. Two bishops-John de Fontibus and Hugh Belsham — were reputed as saints, but never received formal cultus; the former was commemorated on 19 June. The following is the list of bishops:—♦ Harvey, 1109♦ Nigel, 1133 (lord treasurer)♦ William Longchamp 1189 (lord chancellor)♦ Eustace, 1198 (lord chancellor)♦ John de Fontibus, 1220 (lord treasurer)♦ Geofrrey de Burgh, 1225♦ Hugh Norwold, 1229♦ William de Kilkenny, 1255 (lord chancellor)♦ Hugh Belsham, 1257♦ John Kirkby, 1286 (lord treasurer)♦ William de Louth, 1290♦ Ralph Walpole, 1299♦ Robert Orford, 1302♦ John Keeton, 1310♦ John Hotham, 1316 (lord chancellor and lord treasurer)♦ Simon Montacute, 1337♦ Thomas de Lisle, 1345♦ Simon Langham, 1362 (lord chancellor)♦ John Barnet, 1366 (lord treasurer)♦ Thomas Fitz-Alan (or Arundel), 1374 (lord chancellor)♦ John Fordham, 1388♦ Philip Morgan, 1426♦ Vacancy (Cardinal Louis of Luxemburg, administrator), 1435♦ Thomas Bourchier, 1444♦ William Gray, 1454 (lord treasurer)♦ John Morton, 1479 (lord chancellor)♦ John Alcock, founder of Jesus College, Cambridge, 1486♦ Richard Redman, 1501♦ James Stanley, 1506♦ Nicholas West, 1515♦ Thomas Goodrich, 1533 (lord chancellor)♦ Thomas Thirlby, 1554-1559Bishop Goodrich showed reforming tendencies and during his pontificate the monastery with all its dependencies was suppressed. The last Catholic bishop was Thomas Thirlby, who was one of the eleven confessor-bishops imprisoned by Elizabeth and who died at Lambeth in 1570. In the diocese there were one archdeaconry and 141 parishes. The arms of the see were: gules, three ducal crowns, or."Liber Eliensis" (one vol. Only published, London, 1848); "Inquisitio Eliensis" (published by Royal Society of Lit. (London, 1876); BENTHAM, "Hist. And Antiq. Of the Conventual and Cathedral church of Ely" (Cambridge, 1771); WINKLES, "Cathedrals of England and Wales (1860); STEWART, "Architectural History of Ely" (1868); STUBBS, "Memorials of Ely" (London, 1897); HILLS, "Handbook to the Cathedral Church of Ely" (Ely, 1852), largely rewritten and edited by Dean Stubbs (20th edition, Ely, 1898); FARVEN, "Cathedral Cities of Ely and Norwich" (introd. By Prof. Freeman); SWEETING, "Ely: the Cathedral and See" (London, 1901); GIBBONS, "Ely Episcopal Records".EDWIN BURTONTranscribed by John Looby
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Ely — Ely … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ely — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda … Wikipedia Español
ELY — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Ely est un nom de famille. Eugene Ely, américain pionnier de l aviation. Toponyme Ely est le nom de plusieurs lieux dans le… … Wikipédia en Français
Ely — Ely, NV U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 4041 Housing Units (2000): 2205 Land area (2000): 7.129096 sq. miles (18.464273 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.129096 sq. miles (18.464273 sq.… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
ely — ely·sia; ely·sian; ely·si·um; jew·ely; sniv·ely; vow·ely; ex·hib·i·tiv·ely; … English syllables
ELY (R.) — ELY REGINALD ou REYNOLD (actif de 1438 à 1471) Architecte anglais, Reginald Ely travaille sans doute à Ely même avant de s’installer à Cambridge, où il est mentionné en 1438 pour la construction d’un escalier et de la bibliothèque de Peterhouse.… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Ely — [ iːlɪ], Stadt in der County Cambridgeshire, Ostengland, am Ouse, 13 200 Einwohner; anglikanischer Bischofssitz; Verarbeitung landwirtschaftlicher Produkte. Stadtbild: Die an der Stelle eines Vorgängerbaus 1083 begonnene Kathedrale ist ein… … Universal-Lexikon
Ely, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 1149 Housing Units (2000): 434 Land area (2000): 1.354788 sq. miles (3.508885 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.354788 sq. miles (3.508885 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ely, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 3724 Housing Units (2000): 1912 Land area (2000): 2.719149 sq. miles (7.042563 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003159 sq. miles (0.008183 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.722308 sq. miles (7.050746 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Ely, NV — U.S. city in Nevada Population (2000): 4041 Housing Units (2000): 2205 Land area (2000): 7.129096 sq. miles (18.464273 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.129096 sq. miles (18.464273 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places