- Gregory VIII• Antipope placed upon the papal chair by Emperor Henry V, 8 March, 1118
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Gregory VIII† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory VIII(ALBERTO DI MORRA).Born about the beginning of the twelfth century, at Benevento; elected at Ferrara, 21 Oct., 1187; died at Pisa, 17 Dec., 1187, after a pontificate of one month and twenty-seven days. The year 1187 witnessed the almost complete obliteration of Christianity in Palestine. On 4 July, Saladin won the decisive victory of Hittin, near Lake Tiberias; on 3 October, the terrible sultan was master of Jerusalem. The news of the fall of the Holy City struck Europe like a thunderbolt. Urban III is said to have died of a broken heart (20 Oct.). The following day the Cardinals elected the chancellor, Cardinal Alberto. He was a Beneventan of noble family; had received a good education; at an early age became a monk, some say a Cistercian, some a Benedictine of Monte Cassino. He was created cardinal-deacon ( see Cardinal, II ) in 1155, by Adrian IV, and in 1158 cardinal-priest with the title of San Lorenzo in Lucina. Alexander III, in 1172, made him his chancellor. It is interesting to notice that he was the last Cardinal who used that title until it was revived in our own day by Pius X, succeeding chancellors of the Holy See, for some reason not satisfactorily explained, calling themselves vice-chancellors. Cardinal Alberto was one of the two legates dispatched to England by Alexander III to investigate the murder of St. Thomas a Becket. He also, in the pope's name, placed the royal crown on Alfonso II of Portugal. He was universally beloved for the mildness and gentleness of his disposition; and was no sooner seated on the pontifical throne than he confirmed the popular estimate of his character by making overtures to Barbarossa for a reconciliation with the Church. Since the dominate policy of his pontificate must be a crusade for the recovery of the Holy Sepulchre, he issued circular letters to all the faithful, enjoining prayers and fasts; and as peace between the rival seaports of Pisa and Genoa was an essential condition to the transportation of troops and supplies, he repaired to the former city, where he was overtaken by death. He was buried in the cathedral of Pisa with all possible honours, and was succeeded by Clement III.Liber Pontificatis, ed. DUCHESNE, II, 451; WATTERICH, Vitoe Pont. Rom., II, 683-92; Bibl. de l'Ecole des Chartes (1881), XLII, 166; NADIG, Gregors VIII 57 tugiges Pontifikat (Basle, 1890).JAMES F. LOUGHLINTranscribed by Janet van Heyst
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Gregory (VIII) — ▪ antipope original French name Maurice Bourdin, Portuguese Maurício Bordinho, or Bordino born , Limoges?, Aquitaine died c. 1140 antipope from 1118 to 1121. A Benedictine educated at the abbey of Cluny, he was made bishop of… … Universalium
Gregory VIII — (Alberto de Mora or Alberto di Morra) died 1187, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1187. * * * ▪ pope original name Alberto De Morra born , Benevento, Papal States died 1187, Pisa pope from Oct. 21 to Dec. 17, 1187. A Cistercian of noble… … Universalium
Gregory VIII — See Third Crusade … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Gregory VIII — (Alberto de Mora or Alberto di Morra) died 1187, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 1187 … Useful english dictionary
Gregory VIII (Antipope) — Gregory VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Gregory VIII Antipope. He was Mauritius Burdinus (Bordinho, Bourdin), who was placed upon the papal chair by Emperor Henry V, 8 March, 1118. Bourdin was a Frenchman, born probably at Limoges. He… … Catholic encyclopedia
Gregory VIII, Pope — • Reigned 1187 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
Antipope Gregory VIII — Gregory VIII (died 1137), born Mauritius Burdinus (Maurice Bourdin), was antipope from 10 March 1118 until 22 April 1121. He was born in the Limousin, part of Aquitaine, Occitania, France. He was educated at Cluny, at Limoges, and in Castile,… … Wikipedia
Pope Gregory VIII — Not to be confused with the earlier Antipope Gregory VIII Infobox Pope English name=Gregory VIII birth name=Alberto di Morra term start=October 25, 1187 term end=December 17, 1187 predecessor=Urban III successor=Clement III birth date=c.… … Wikipedia
Pope Gregory VIII — Pope Gregory VIII † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope Gregory VIII (ALBERTO DI MORRA). Born about the beginning of the twelfth century, at Benevento; elected at Ferrara, 21 Oct., 1187; died at Pisa, 17 Dec., 1187, after a pontificate… … Catholic encyclopedia
Gregory — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Gregory imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = Male meaning = watchful, alert region = worldwide origin = Latin, Greek related names = Greg, Gregg, Gregor, Grigori footnotes = Gregory is a common masculine… … Wikipedia