Mardin

Mardin
A residential Armenian archbishopric, a Chaldean bishopric, and a residential Syrian bishopric; moreover it is the headquarters of the Capuchin mission of Mardin and Amida

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Mardin
    Mardin
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Mardin
    A residential Armenian archbishopric, a Chaldean bishopric, and a residential Syrian bishopric; moreover it is the headquarters of the Capuchin mission of Mardin and Amida.
    The ancient Syriac name was Marda, which meant fortress. It is mentioned as early as the time of Emperor Constantius (Amm. Marcell. xix, 9, 4) and again in the year 506 (Theophanis, "Chronogr." A. M., 5998). The town became Christian under Tiridates II, King of Armenia, at the close of the third century, and it is probable that the churches, mausoleums, and houses, the ruins of which have been discovered, belong to this period. It played an important part in the religious controversies between the Catholics and Monophysites, who made it one of their principal monasteries. It had a Jacobite bishop in 684 (see the list of Syrian titulars, in Lequien, "Oriens Christ.," II, 1457-1462; also "Revue de l'Orient Chrétien", VI, 200; also the list of Chaldean titulars given in Lequien, op. cit., II, 1321). After 1166 the Jacobite patriarch, who had hitherto resided at Diarbekir, took up his residence in Mardin. During the Middle Ages, thanks to its strong position, the town escaped the attacks of Houlagon, grandson of Genghis Khan, and of Tamerlane. Since 1574 it has belonged to the Ottoman Empire, and is a sanjak in the vilayet of Diarbekir. It is situated at about 3600 feet above sea-level, on a rugged browed and impregnable green hill; the grassy plain in the valley below is known as the Sea of Mardin. The population is computed at 25,000, of whom 15,500 are Mussulmans ( see Mohammed and Mohammedanism ), the remainder being Christians. The number of Catholics of various rites is about 3000. In the Armenian archdiocese there are 8000 faithful, 16 native priests, 8 churches or chapels, 5 central stations, and 10 chapels of ease. The Syrian Catholic diocese has existed since 1852, and its title has been joined with that of Amida since 1888. The patriarch ought to reside at Mardin, but for some years past he has preferred Beirut on account of facility of communication with Europe. In the Syrian diocese there are 3500 Catholics, 25 priests, 8 churches and chapels, 11 stations, and the monastery of St. Ephraim. The Chaldean diocese, which is limited to the town of Mardin, has 750 faithful, 4 native priests, 1 parish, and 3 stations. The Capuchin mission dates from the seventeenth century, but its headquarters have been changed many times. It consists of 15 religious, of whom 11 are priests, and it has 6 houses (Diarbekir or Amida, Orfa or Edessa, Malatea or Melitene, Kharpout, Mamouret-ul-Aziz or Mozera, and Mardin). The mission owns 6 churches and 5 chapels; it carries on 18 primary schools, a college at Mamouret-ul-Aziz, 2 orphanages. The Franciscan Sisters of Lons-le-Saunier have three establishments for girls, one at Diarbekir, one at Orfa, and one at Mardin. The superior of the mission is Rev. J. Antonius a Mediolano O.M.C. There is moreover a schismatic Armenian archbishop in the town, and an American Protestant (Protestantism) mission is in activity.
    ASSEMANI, Bibliotheca orientalis, II, 470; CHAPOT, La frontière de l'Euphrate (Paris, 1907), 312; CUINET, La Turquie d'Asie, II, 494-502; PIOLET, Les missions catholiques françaises au XIXe siècle, I (Paris), 274-294; Missiones Catholicœ (Rome, 1907) 161, 756, 805, 810.
    S. VAILHÉ.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mardin — Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MARDIN — MARDIN, town in Southeast Turkey; population (2004), 71,100. A Jewish community existed in Mardin from the Middle Ages to the 20th century. In 1291 Abinadab b. Saadiah Halevi of Mardin copied maimonides Moreh Nevukhim (Guide of the Perplexed) in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mardin — Mardin, Stadt im Ejalet Bagdad (Asiatische Türkei), südöstlich von Diarbekir, Sitz eines armenischen u. eines jakobinischen Bischofs; Fabriken in Baumwolle, Leinwand, Seide, Gold u. Silberstoffen, Saffian, Glas etc.; 12,000 Ew., darunter viele… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Mardin — Mardin, Hauptstadt des Sandschaks M. (14,200 qkm, 193,100 Einw.) im asiatisch türk. Wilajet Diarbekr, am Nordrande der großen mesopotamischen Ebene, liegt 930 m hoch terrassenförmig an der Südseite eines hohen Felsens mit verfallener Burg,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mardîn — Mardîn, Stadt im asiat. türk. Wilajet Diarbekr, am Masiusberg, 25.000 E. (5000 Christen) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Mardin —    Mardin is a small city (some 60,000) and also the name of a province (over 700,000) in southeastern Turkey bordering on Syria and thus in the northern part of the historic Jazire. The population is largely ethnic Kurdish, although there are… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Mardin — This article is about the city. For other uses, see Mardin (disambiguation). Mardin Cityscape …   Wikipedia

  • Mardin — Para otros usos de este término, véase Provincia de Mardin. Mardin Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Mardin — Vorlage:Infobox Ort in der Türkei/Wartung/Landkreis Mardin …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mardin — ▪ Turkey       city, capital of Mardin il (province), southeastern Turkey. It lies on the southern slopes of a broad highland that rises to an elevation of 3,450 feet (1,052 metres) and overlooks extensive limestone plateaus. The locality… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.