- Maurice• Roman Emperor, born in 539; died in November, 602
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- MauriceMaurice† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Maurice(Matricius, Maurikios). Roman Emperor, born in 539; died in November, 602.He sprang from an old Roman (Latin) family settled in Cappadocia, and began his career as a soldier. Under the Emperor Tiberius II (578-582) he was made commander of a new legion levied from allied barbarians, with which he did good service against the Persians. When he returned triumphant to Constantinople, Tiberius gave him his daughter Constantina in marriage and appointed him his successor (578). Almost immediately afterwards (Theophylact, infra, says the next day) Tiberius died and Maurice succeeded peaceably. At his accession he found that through the reckless extravagance of his predecessor the exchequer was empty and the State bankrupt. In order to remedy this Maurice established the expenses of the court on a basis of strict economy. He gained a reputation for parsimony that made him very unpopular and led eventually to his fall. The twenty years of his reign do not in any way stand out conspicuously from early Byzantine history. The forces at work since Justinian, or even Constantine, continued the gradual decay of the Empire under Maurice, as under Tiberius his predecessor and Phocas his successor. For the first ten years the long war with the Persians continued; then a revolution among the enemy brought a respite and the Roman Emperor was invoked by Chosroes II to restore him to his throne. Unfortunately Maurice was not clever enough to draw any profit for the Empire from this situation. The Avars and Slavs continued their invasion of the northern provinces. The Slavs penetrated even to the Peloponnesus. The Lombards ravaged Italy with impunity. As the Empire could do nothing to protect the Italians, they invited the Franks to their help (584). This first invasion of Italy by the Franks began the process that was to end in the separation of all the West from the old Empire and the establishment of the rival line of Emperors with Charles the Great (800). Maurice had to buy of the Avars with a heavy bribe that further reduced his scanty resources and made economy still more imperative. The emperor became more and more unpopular. In 599 he could not or would not ransom 12,000 Roman soldiers taken prisoners by the Avars, and they were all murdered. Further harassing regulation made for the army with a view to more economy caused a revolt that be came a revolution. In 602 the soldiers drove away their officers, made a certain centurion, Phocas, their leader and marched on Constantinople. Maurice, finding that he could not organize a resistance, fled across the Bosporus with his family. He was overtaken at Chalcedon and murdered with his five sons. Phocas then began his tyrannical reign (602-610).In Church history Maurice has some importance through his relations with Gregory I (590-604). As soon as Gregory was elected, he wrote to the emperor begging him to annul the election. The fact has often been quoted as showing Gregory's acceptance of an imperial right of veto. Later the pope's organization of resistance against the Lombards was very displeasing to the emperor, though the government at Constantinople did nothing to protect Italy. Further trouble was caused by the tyranny of the imperial exarch at Ravenna, Romanus. Against this person the pope took the Italians under his protection. On the other hand the exarch and the emperor protected the bishops in the North of Italy who still kept up the schism that began with the Three Chapters quarrel (Pope Vigilius, 540-555). The assumption of the title of "ecumenical patriarch" by John IV of Constantinople caused more friction. All this explains St. Gregory's unfriendly feeling towards Maurice, and it also helps to explain his ready and friendly recognition of Phocas which has been alleged by some to be a blot in the great pope's career. But it is quite probable that the pope was misinformed and not placed in full possession of all the circumstances attending the change of government in the distant East.ADRIAN FORTESCUETranscribed by Michael C. Tinkler
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Maurice — is a given name used as a name or surname. It originates as a French name derived from the Roman Mauritius and was subsequently used in English speaking countries as well. It is of Latin origin, meaning dark skinned, Moorish , and might refer to … Wikipedia
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Maurice I — Maurice Ier Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Plusieurs souverains se sont appelé Maurice Ier : Maurice Ier, empereur byzantin (582 602) Maurice Ier, comte d’Oldenbourg (1167 1211) Ce … Wikipédia en Français
Maurice — es un nombre de persona francés e inglés, equivalente al «Mauricio» en español. Se puede referir a: Nombre en francés de Mauricio, país africano. Maurice (novela), novela de E. M. Forster publicada en 1971. Maurice (película), filme dirigido por… … Wikipedia Español
Maurice — duc de Broglie (1875 1960), petit fils du préc.; physicien, spécialiste des rayons X. Acad. des sciences (1924). Acad. fr. (1934). Maurice (saint) (mort v. 287) chrétien qui, selon la légende, commanda la légion envoyée par l empereur Maximien… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Maurice — [ mɔrɪs], 1) Furnley, Pseudonym des australischen Schriftstellers Frank Leslie Thompson Wilmot. 2) John Frederick Denison, britischer anglikanischer Theologe und Sozialreformer, * Normanston (County Suffolk) 29. 8. 1805, ✝ Cambridge 1. 4 … Universal-Lexikon
Maurice, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 254 Housing Units (2000): 103 Land area (2000): 0.539314 sq. miles (1.396818 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.005645 sq. miles (0.014621 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.544959 sq. miles (1.411439 sq. km) FIPS code:… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Maurice, LA — U.S. village in Louisiana Population (2000): 642 Housing Units (2000): 276 Land area (2000): 2.038293 sq. miles (5.279154 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.038293 sq. miles (5.279154 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Maurice — m 1 English and French: from the Late Latin name Mauricius, a derivative of Maurus (see MAURO (SEE Mauro)), borne by, among others, an early Byzantine emperor (c.539–602). It was introduced to Britain by the Normans, and was popular in the Middle … First names dictionary