Melissus of Samos
- Melissus of Samos• A Greek philosopher, of the Eleatic School, b. at Samos about 470 B C
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Melissus of SamosMelissus of Samos† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Melissus of SamosA Greek philosopher, of the Eleatic School, b. at Samos about 470 B C. It is probable that he was a disciple of Parmenides, and that he is identical with the Melissus who, according to Plutarch (Pericles, 26), commanded the Samian fleet which defeated the Athenians off the coast of Samos in 442. He wrote a work which is variously entitled peri tou ontos, peri physeos, etc., and of which only a few fragments have come down to us. In attempting to combine the doctrines of Parmenides with those of the earliest philosophers of Greece (see IONIAN SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY), Melissus, through he fell into many contradictions, forestalled, in a sense, Aristotle's more successful effort to define the infinite and the incorporeal. Like Parmenides, he depreciated sense-knowledge, and held that change, motion, and multiplicity are illusions. At the same time, he was influenced by the Ionians, especially by Heraclitus, to attach value to the question of origins. He definitely predicates infinity of being, and assets that reality "has no body". By the infinite he understands "that which has neither beginning nor end", and in his conception of "that which has no body", he does not, as Aristotle points out (Metaph. I, 5, 986 b.) attain a correct understanding of the immaterial. The physical doctrines ascribed to Melissus by Philoponus, Stoboeus, Epiphanius,, and others do not seem to have been held by him. There is, however, a possibility that, as Diogenes Laërtius informs us, Melissus avoided all mention of the gods because we can know nothing about them. Like Plato, Aristotle, and some of the other Greek philosopher, he probably thought it wisest to take refuge in a profession of ignorance regarding the gods, so as to avoid the imputation of hostility to the popular mythology.FAIRBANKS, First Philosophers of Greece (New York, 1898), 120 sq., gives fragments of Melissus's work, with translations of references to him in Aristotle, Epiphanius, etc.; PABST, De Melissi fragmentis (Bonn, 1880); KERN, Zur Wurdigung des Melissus (Stettin, 1880); ZELLER, Pro-Socratic Philosophy, tr. ALLEYNE, I (Lond., 1881), 627 sq.; TANNERY, Pour l'histoire de la science hellene (Paris, 1887), 262 sq.; TURNER, History of Philosophy (Boston, 1903), 51 sq.WILLIAM TURNERTranscribed by Dennis P. Knight
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Melissus of Samos — An illustration of Melissus of Samos from the Nuremberg Chronicle Full name Melissus of Samos Born Samos Island Era … Wikipedia
Melissus of Samos — (fl. 441–440 BC) Possibly the least influential of the Eleatic philosophers, but a fine naval commander, since his fleet defeated the Athenians in 441 BC. He was heavily criticized by Aristotle (De Sophisticis Elenchis, 167 b and Physics, 186 a… … Philosophy dictionary
Melissus Of Samos — ▪ Greek philosopher flourished 5th century BC Greek philosopher who was the last significant member of the Eleatic school of philosophy, which adhered to Parmenides doctrine of reality as a single, unchanging whole. Although Melissus… … Universalium
Melissus of Samos — See Pythagoreans and Eleatics … History of philosophy
Melissus — of Samos … Philosophy dictionary
Melissus — may refer to: People: Melissus of Samos (fl c. 500 BCE), Greek philosopher Melissus of Thebes, Greek athlete contrasted to Orion by Pindar Gaius Maecenas Melissus, (fl. early 1st century), Roman writer Other: Melissus of Crete, mythological… … Wikipedia
Samos Island — Infobox Greek Isles name = Samos native name = Σάμος skyline = Samos.jpg sky caption = Samos City coordinates = coord|37|44|N|26|50|E chain = North Aegean isles = area = 477.395 highest mount = Mt. Kerkis elevation = 1434 periph = North Aegean… … Wikipedia
Melissus of Crete — In Greek mythology, Melisseus ( bee man ), the father of the nymphs Adrasteia and Ide (or Aega, according to Hyginus) who nursed the infant Zeus on Crete, was the eldest and leader of the nine Kuretes of Crete. They were chthonic daimones of… … Wikipedia
MÉLISSUS — ou MÉLISSOS (MÉLISSUS Ve s.) Philosophe grec né à Samos, en Ionie. Mélissos commande la flotte saméenne lorsqu’elle l’emporte sur la flotte athénienne en MÉLISSUS 442. Disciple de Parménide (Diogène Laërce, IX, 24), il s’est attaché comme Zénon,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Melissus — Melissus, griech. Philosoph von Samos, im 5. Jahrh. v. Chr., gehörte zu der eleatischen Schule … Herders Conversations-Lexikon