Patriarch of Constantinople (381-397)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

     Catholic_Encyclopedia Nectarius
    (Nechtarios), Patriarch of Constantinople, (381-397), died 27 Sept, 397, eleventh bishop of that city since Metrophanes, and may be counted its first patriarch. He came frorn Tarsus of a senatorial family and was praetor at Constantinople at the time of the second general council (381). When St. Gregory Nazianzen resigned his occupation of that see the people called for Nectarius to succeed him and their choice as ratified by the Council (Socrates, "H.E.", V), before August, 381. Sozomen (H.E., VII, 8) adds that Nectorius, about to return to Tarsus, asked Diodorus, Bishop of Tarsus, if he could carry any letters for him. Diodorus, who saw that his visitor was the most suitable person to become Bishop of Constantinoble, persuaded Meletius, Bishop of Antioch, to add his name to the list of candidates presented by the council to the emperor. The emperor then to every one's surprise, chose Nectarius, who was not yet baptized, and in neophyte's robe he was consecrated bishop. Tillemont (Mémoires, IX, 486) doubts this story. Soon after Nectarius' election the Council passed the famous third canon giving Constantinople rank immediately after Rome. A man of no very great power, Nectarius had an uneventful reign with which St. Gregory was not altogether pleased ("Ep." 88, 91, 151, etc; Tillemont, op. cit., IX, 488). Suspected of concessions to the Novarians (Socrates, V, 10; Sozomen, VII, I2), he made none to the Arians ( see Arianism ), who in 388 burnt his house (Socrates, V, 13). Palsamon says that in 394 he held a synod at Constantinople which decreed that no bishop should be deposed without the consent of several other bishops of the same province (Harduin, I, 955). The most important event, however, is that, according to Socrates (V, 19) and Sozomen (VII, 16), as a result of a public scandal Nectarius abolished the discipline of public penance and the office of penitentiary hitherto held by a priest of his diocese. The incident is important for the history of Penance. Nectarius preached a sermon about the martyr Theodore still extant (P.G. XXXIX, 1821-40, Nilles "Kalendarium manuale", II, 96-100). He was succeeded by St. John Chrysostom and appears as St. Nectarius in the Orthodox Menaion for 11 October (Nilles, op. cit. I, 300; "Acta SS". May, II, 421).
    Transcribed by Joseph P. Thomas

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

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  • Nectarius — may refer to: Nectarius of Auvergne (Nectaire, Nectarius of Limagne) (d. 300 AD), martyr at Auvergne Nectarius of Constantinople (d. 398), Archbishop of Constantinople Nectarius of Jerusalem (1605 1680), Patriarch of Jerusalem Nectarios of Aegina …   Wikipedia

  • NECTARIUS — Episcopus Constantinopol. patriâ Tarsensis, familiâ illustri, ad civilia magis negotia natus, nec eruditione, nec probitate, nec secundâ nominis famâ, ut quidam scribunt, ornatus, a Theodosio Imperatore Gregorio Nazianz. surrogatus est, antequam… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Nectarius, S. (1) — 1S. Nectarius (Marianus), (9. März), wird unter den africanischen Martyrern aufgeführt. S. S.Julianus36. (II. 3) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, S. (3) — 3S. Nectarius (1. Aug.), Bischof von Vienne und Bekenner, lebte im vierten Jahrhunderte und kämpfte kräftig gegen die Arianer. Er ist offenbar mit dew vorigen identisch. (I. 51) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, S. (4) — 4S. Nectarius (Nectavus), (22. Aug.), nach Einigen Martyrer zu Neocäsarea in Pontus, kommt in alten Martyrologien mit einem gewissen Sevus vor; es ist aber sonst nichts von ihnen bekannt. (IV. 536) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, S. (5) — 5S. Nectarius (13. Sept.), Bischof und Bekenner zu Autun (Augustodunum), von welchem es (nach Stilting) zweifelhaft ist, ob er im dritten, vierten oder sechsten Jahr hundert gelebt habe, ist nur dem Namen nach bekannt. Doch finden wir bei Migne… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, S. (6) — 6S. Nectarius, Patr. (11. Oct.). Der hl. Patriarch Ueclarius kommt zwar nur in den Verzeichnissen der Griechen vor, allein es ist ausgemacht, daß er auch im Abendlande für einen Heiligen gehalten wurde. Im J. 381 in schwierigen Zeiten zum… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, S. (7) — 7S. Nectarius (9. Dec.), Bekenner in der Landschaft Limagne (Auvergne) am Ende des dritten Jahrhunderts, findet sich bei Migne …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius, SS. (2) — 2SS. Nectarius et Nicetius3 (Nicetas), (5. Mai al. 1. Aug.). Bischöfe und Bekenner von Vienne in Frankreich. Ersterer blühte um d.J. 337 und kämpfte mit Muth und Ausdauer gegen die Arianer. Letzterer, auch Nicetas genannt, lebte etwas später und… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Nectarius (8) — 8Nectarius (13. Sept.), angeblich Bischof von Angers, welcher bei Grevenus vorkommt, ist zweifelhaft. (IV. 51) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

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