Ophir

Ophir
A people and a country mentioned in the Bible

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ophir
    Ophir
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ophir
    Ophir, in the Bible, designates a people and a country.
    The people, for whom a Semitic descent is claimed, is mentioned in Gen., x, 29, with the other "sons of Jectan", whose dwelling "was from Messa as we go on as far as Sehar, a mountain in the east" (Gen., x, 30).
    The place Ophir was that from which the Bible represents Solomon's fleet bringing gold, silver, thyine (probably santal) wood, precious stones, ivory, apes, and peacocks (III Kings, ix, 26-28; x, 11, 22; II Par., viii, 17-18; ix, 10). Its location has been sought where the articles mentioned are native productions; still, while Ophir is repeatedly spoken of as a gold-producing region (Job, xxii, 24; xxviii, 16; Ps. xliv, 10; Is., xiii, 12), it does not follow that the other articles came from there; whether they were natural products, or only bought and sold there, or even purchased by the merchantmen at intervening ports, cannot be gathered from the text, as it states merely that they were fetched to Asiongaber. The Bible does not give the geographical position of Ophir; it only says that the voyage out from Asiongaber and back lasted three years (III Kings, x, 22). Scholars have been guided in their several identifications of the site by the importance they attach to this or that particular indication in the sacred text–especially the products brought to Solomon–also by resemblances, real or fanciful, between the Hebrew names of Ophir and of the articles mentioned in connexion therewith and names used in various countries and languages. The Greek translators of the Bible, by rendering the Hebrew Ophir into Sophir, the Coptic name for India, would locate the Biblical El Dorado in India, according to some in the land of the Abhira, east of the delta of the Indus, according to others, on the coast of Malabar or at Ceylon, and according to others still in the Malay Peninsula. The opinion that it was situated on the southern or south-eastern coast of Arabia has many advocates, who contend from the text of Gen., x, 29, 30, that Ophir must be located between Saba and Hevilath. Another opinion says it was not in Asia, but either on the south-eastern coast of Africa (Sofala) or inland in Mashonaland.
    HALL AND NEAL, The Ancient Ruins of Rhodesia (London, 1902); CORY, The Rise of South Africa (London, 1909); LOW Maritime Discovery, I (London, 1881); PEYRON, Lexicon Linguæ Copticæ (Turin, 1835); HUEY, Commentaires sur les navigations de Solomon in BRUZEN DE LA MARTINIÈRE, Traités géographiques et historiques pour faciliter l'intelligence de l'Ecriture Sainte, II (The Hague, 1730); QUATREMÈRE, Mémoires sur le pays d'Ophir in Mémoires de l'Academie des Inscriptions, XV (Paris, 1842); VIGOUROUX, La Bible et les découvertes modernes, III (6th ed., Paris, 1896); VIVIEN DE SAINT-MARTIN, Histoire de la géographie et des découvertes géographiques (Paris, 1875); GESENIUS, Ophir in ERSCH AND GRUBER, Encyklopädie der Wissenschaften (1833); GLASER, Skizze der Geschichte und Geographie Arabiens, II (1890); GUTHE, Kurzes Bibelwörterbuch (Tübingen, 1903); HERZFELD, Handelsgeschichte der Juden der Alterthums (1879); LASSEN, Indische Alterthumskunde, I (1866); LIEBLEIN, Handel und Schiffahrt auf dem rothen Meer in alten Zeiten (Leipzig, 1886); MAUCH, Reisende in Ost-Afrika (1871); MERENSKY, Beiträge zur Kenntniss Sud-Afrikas (1875); MÜLLER, Asien und Europa nach altägyptischen Denkmälern (1893); PETERS, Das goldene Ophir Salomons (Munich, 1895); SOETBEER, Das Goldland Ophir (1880).
    CHARLES L. SOUVAY.
    Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


Catholic encyclopedia.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • OPHIR — signisicat cinerem, seu incinerationem, aut rectius cineream, pulverulentam terram, Ebraice Gap desc: Hebrew Estque nomen regioni et terrae sic dictae ab Ophir filio iectanis, nepote Eberi ex Gen. c. 10. v. 29. utpote qui cum fratre suo Havilah… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • OPHIR — (Heb. אוֹפִר, אוֹפִיר), a country in the biblical period, well known for its gold. Trade between Palestine and Ophir was possible by sea from the port of Ezion Geber, but only in the time of Solomon was an attempt made to reach Ophir and take… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ophir — (en Hébreu אוֹפִיר) est un port ou une région mentionné dans la Bible qui était connu pour sa richesse, notamment l or. Le roi Salomon est censé avoir reçu tous les trois ans une cargaison d or, d argent, de bois (probablement de santal), de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ophir — Ophir, CO U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 55 Land area (2000): 0.160876 sq. miles (0.416667 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.160876 sq. miles (0.416667 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ophir — 〈n.; s; unz.; im AT〉 sagenhaftes Goldland * * * Ọphir,   Altes Testament: das Land, aus dem Salomo von Ezjongeber aus zu Schiff Edelsteine und Gold holen ließ (1. Buch von den Königen 9, 28; 10, 11). Ophir ist in Indien und Elam, Ost und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ophir, CO — U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 113 Housing Units (2000): 55 Land area (2000): 0.160876 sq. miles (0.416667 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.160876 sq. miles (0.416667 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ophir, UT — U.S. town in Utah Population (2000): 23 Housing Units (2000): 33 Land area (2000): 0.160895 sq. miles (0.416717 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.160895 sq. miles (0.416717 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ophir — Ophir, kum. Ofir das; s (meist ohne Artikel) <über lat. Ophir, gr. Oupheír aus gleichbed. hebr. ôfɪ̲r> fernes, sagenhaftes Goldland im Alten Testament …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Ophir — name of a place mentioned in O.T. as a source for fine gold, location still unknown. Hence Ophir gold (1610s) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Ophir — [ō′fər] n. [Heb ōphīr] Bible a land rich in gold: 1 Kings 9:28; 10:11; 2 Chron. 8:18 …   English World dictionary

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