Ordericus Vitalis

Ordericus Vitalis
Norman historian (1075-1143)

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Ordericus Vitalis
    Ordericus Vitalis
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Ordericus Vitalis
    Historian, b. 1075; d. about 1143. He was the son of an English mother and a French priest who came over to England with the Normans and received a church at Shrewsbury. At the age of ten he was sent over by his father to St. Evroult in southern Normandy and remained for the rest of his life a monk of that abbey. He must have travelled occasionally: we have evidence of his presence at Cambrai, for instance, and at Cluny, and went three or four times to England: still he passed of his days at home. He considered himself, however, an Englishman, "Vitalis Angligena", and was always full of interest in English affairs. His history was intended at first to be a chronicle of his abbey but it developed into a general "Historia Ecclesiastica" in 13 books. Books I and II are an abridged chronicle from the Christian era to 1143; books III-V describe the Norman Conquests of South Italy and England; book VI gives the history of his abbey. Books VII-XIII consist of his universal history from 751 to 1141, book IX being devoted to the First Crusade. The work begins to have real historical importance from about the date of the Norman Conquest, but Ordericus is discriminating throughout in his choice of authorities. Chronologically it is ill-arranged and very inaccurate; it is often pedantic in form. The author has, however, a wide interest and a keen sense of detail and picturesque incident. He was a very well-read man, but he united to his learning a taste seldom so frankly admitted for popular stories and songs. He was a man of observation and he attempted to give the outward appearance of the characters he described. He was fair-minded, anxious to give two sides of a question and to be moderate in his judgments. In spite, therefore, of its clumsy arrangements and chronological errors the "Historia Ecclesiastica" gives a very vivid picture of the times and is of great historical value. A competent authority has declared it the best French history of the twelfth century. Ordericus was also something of a poet and there are manuscripts of his collected Latin poems. The best text of the "Historia Ecclesiastica" is that edited by Le Prévost for the "Société de l'histoire de France" (5 vols., 1838-55). The fifth volume contains a valuable introduction by L. Delisle. There is also a text in Migne, vol. CLXXXVIII. A French translation was published in Guizot's "Collection des mémoires" and an English translation in Bohn's "Antiquarian Library" (4 vols., 1853-5).
    MOLINIER, Les sources de l'histoire de France, II, 219; FREEMAN, Norman Conquest, IV, 495-500.
    Transcribed by Jess Paehlke

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.

Catholic encyclopedia.

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  • Ordericus Vitalis — (* 1075; † um 1142) war ein normannischer Chronist; er schrieb eines der großen zeitgenössischen englischen und normannischen Geschichtswerke des 11. und 12. Jahrhunderts. Er war der älteste Sohn eines französischen Priesters, Odeler von Orléans …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ordericus Vitalis — Ordericus Vitalis,   normannischer Geschichtsschreiber, * Atcham (bei Shrewsbury) 16. 2. 1075, ✝ um 1142; Benediktiner (seit 1108 Priester); lebte seit 1085 in der Abtei Saint Évroult (heute zu Saint Évroult Notre Dame du Bois, Département Orne) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ORDERICUS VITALIS —    a mediæval chronicler, born near Shrewsbury; was a monk of the Abbey of St. Evreul, in Normandy; wrote an ecclesiastical history of Normandy and England a veracious document, though an incondite; d. 1143 …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ordericus Vitalis — (1075 1143?)    Chronicler, b. near Shrewsbury, was in childhood put into the monastery of St. Evroult, in Normandy, where the rest of his life was passed. He is the author of a chronicle, Ecclesiastical History of England and Normandy (c. 1142)… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Vitalis — ist der Name folgender Personen: Vitalis (Ravenna) († um 60), Märtyrer (kath. Gedenktag 28. April) Vitalis und Agricola († 304), frühchristliche Märtyrer in Bologna Vitalius I. († um 314), Bischof von Antiochia Vitalius II. († 385), Bischof von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orderic Vitalis — Orderic Vital Orderic Vital[1] (16 février 1075[2], Atcham, Angleterre – 1141/1143[3], abbaye de Saint Évroult, Normandie, France), est un moine anglo normand connu comme l un des plus import …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Orderic Vitalis — (Ordericus) (1075 – c. 1142) was an English chronicler of Norman ancestry who wrote one of the great contemporary chronicles of 11th and 12th century Normandy and Anglo Norman England. The modern biographer of Henry I of England, C. Warren… …   Wikipedia

  • ОРДЕРИК ВИТАЛИЙ — (Ordericus Vitalis, Orderic Vital) (1075 ок. 1143) нормандский хронист. Род. в Англии, почти всю жизнь провел в нормандском монастыре Сент Эвруль. О. В. автор хроники, назв. им по обычаю хронистов монахов Церковной историей , вышедшей впервые в… …   Советская историческая энциклопедия

  • Mabile de Bellême — Mabile Talvas de Bellême († 1077) war die Ehefrau des mächtigen normannischen Barons Roger de Montgomerie, 1. Earl of Shrewsbury. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Biographie 2 Nachkommen 2.1 Literatur 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CALETAE — melius Caleti, et Velocasses populi inter Belgas numerantur Caesari, l. 2. Bell. Gall. c. 4. qui Caletos decem milia armata pollicitos esse ait, Velocasses et Veromanduos totidem. Nimirum Gallos a Belgis Matronâ et Sequanâ dividi scripserat. Cum… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

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