- Orthodox Church• The body of Christians in union with the Patriarch of Constantinople but in schism with the Pope of Rome.
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Orthodox ChurchOrthodox Church† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Orthodox ChurchThe technical name for the body of Christians who use the Byzantine Rite in various languages and are in union with the Patriarch of Constantinople but in schism with the Pope of Rome. The epithet Orthodox (orthodoxos), meaning "right believer", is, naturally, claimed by people of every religion. It is almost exactly a Greek form of the official title of the chief enemies of the Greeks, i.e. the Moslems (mu'min, fidelis). The Monophysite Armenians called themselves ughapar, meaning exactly the same thing.How "Orthodox" became the proper name of the Eastern Church it is difficult to say. It was used at first, long before the schism of Photius, especially in the East, not with any idea of opposition against the West, but rather as the antithesis to the Eastern heretics — Nestorians and Monophysites. Gradually, although of course, both East and West always claimed both names, "Catholic" became the most common name for the original Church in the West, "Orthodox" in the East.It would be very difficult to find the right name for this Church. "Eastern" is too vague, the Nestorians and Monophysites are Eastern Churches; "Schismatic" has the same disadvantage. "Greek" is really the least expressive of all. The Greek Church is only one, and a very small one, of the sixteen Churches that make up this vast communion. The millions of Russians, Bulgars, Rumanians, Arabs, and so on who belong to it are Greek in sense at all. According to their common custom one may add the word "Eastern" to the title and speak of the Orthodox Eastern Church (he orthodoxos anatolike ekklesia).The Orthodox, then, are the Christians in the East of Europe, in Egypt and Asia, who accept the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon (are therefore neither Nestorians nor Monophysites), but who, as the result of the schisms of Photius (ninth cent.) and Cerularius (eleventh cent.), are not in communion with the Catholic Church. There is no common authority obeyed by all, or rather it is only the authority of "Christ and the seven Ecumenical Synods" (from Nicæa I in 325, to Nicæa II in 787).These sixteen Churches are:(1) The four Eastern patriarchates — Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem — and the Church of Cyprus, independent since the Council of Ephesus.(2) Since the great schism eleven new Churches have been added, all but one formed at the expense of the one vast Patriarchate of Constantinople. They are the six national churches of Russia, Greece, Servia, Montenegro, Rumania, and Bulgaria, four independent Churches in the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, namely Carlovitz, Hermannstadt, Czernovitz, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and lastly the Church of Mount Sinai, consisting of one monastery separated from Jerusalem. One of these Churches, that of Bulgaria, is in schism with Constantinople since 1872. The total number of Orthodox Christians in the world is estimated variously as 95 to 100 millions. (See EASTERN CHURCHES; GREEK CHURCH; CONSTANTINOPLE, Heresy and Schism; RUSSIA.)ADRIAN FORTESCUETranscribed by Geoffrey K. Mondello, Ph.D.
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Orthodox Church — noun count or uncount a Christian church most of whose members live in eastern Europe and parts of Asia and Africa: the Eastern/Greek/Russian Orthodox Church … Usage of the words and phrases in modern English
Orthodox Church — ► NOUN ▪ a Christian Church acknowledging the authority of the patriarch of Constantinople … English terms dictionary
Orthodox Church — n [U and C] one of the Christian churches in Greece, eastern Europe, and parts of Asia … Dictionary of contemporary English
Orthodox Church — noun derived from the Byzantine Church and adhering to Byzantine rites (Freq. 1) • Syn: ↑Orthodox Catholic Church, ↑Eastern Orthodox Church, ↑Eastern Church, ↑Eastern Orthodox • Members of this Topic: ↑canonization, ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Orthodox Church — UK / US noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms Orthodox Church : singular Orthodox Church plural Orthodox Churches a Christian church most of whose members live in eastern Europe and parts of Asia and Africa the Eastern/Greek/Russian Orthodox… … English dictionary
Orthodox Church — 1. the Christian church comprising the local and national Eastern churches that are in communion with the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople; Byzantine Church. 2. (originally) the Christian church of those countries formerly comprising the… … Universalium
ORTHODOX CHURCH — also termed the Eastern Greek or Greco Russian Church. A family of churches which are situated mainly in eastern Europe. Each member Church is independent in its internal administration but share the same FAITH in communion with other churches … Concise dictionary of Religion
Orthodox Church — ♦ The dominant form of Christianity in the Byzantine Empire and in the Slavic lands converted from that empire. Its leaders were the patriarchs of Constantinople, Alexandria, Jerusalem and Antioch; after 1054 the Orthodox churches broke with the… … Medieval glossary
Orthodox Church — Or′thodox Church′ n. 1) rel the Christian church comprising the local and national Eastern churches that are in communion with the ecumenical patriarch of Constantinople; Byzantine Church 2) rel (orig.) the Christian church of those countries… … From formal English to slang
Orthodox Church — noun a Christian Church or federation of Churches acknowledging the authority of the patriarch of Constantinople and originating in the Greek speaking Church of the Byzantine Empire … English new terms dictionary