- Philoxenus• One of the greatest masters of Syriac prose (d. 523)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- PhiloxenusPhiloxenus† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Philoxenus(AKHSENAYA) OF MABBOGH.Born at Tahal, in the Persian province of Beth-Garmai in the second quarter of the fifth century; died at Gangra, in Paphlagonia, 523. He studied at Edessa when Ibas was bishop of that city (435-57). Shortly after he joined the ranks of the Monophysites and became their most learned and courageous champion. In 485 he was appointed Bishop of Hierapolis, or Mabbogh (Manbidj) by Peter the Fuller. He continued to attack the Decrees of Chalcedon and to defend the "Henoticon" of Zeno. He twice visited Constantinople in the interests of his party, and in 512 he persuaded the Emperor Anastasius to depose Flavian of Antioch and to appoint Severus in his stead. His triumph, however, was short-lived. Anastasius died in 518 and was succeeded by the orthodox Justin I. By a decree of the new ruler the bishops who had been deposed under Zeno and Anastasius were restored to their sees, and Philoxenus, with fifty-three other Monophysites, was banished. He went to Philippopolis, in Thrace, and afterwards to Gangra where he was murdered.Philoxenus is considered one of the greatest masters of Syriac prose. He wrote treatises on liturgy, exegesis, moral and dogmatic theology, besides many letters which are important for the ecclesiastical history of his time. Notice must be taken of the Philoxenian Syriac version of the Holy Scriptures. This version was not Philoxenus's own work, but was made, upon his request and under his direction, by the chorepiscopus Polycarp about 505. It seems to have been a free revision of the Peshitta according to the Lucian recension of the Septuagint. It is not known whether it extended to the whole Bible. Of the Philoxenian version of the Old Testament we have only a few fragments of the Book of Isaias (xxviii, 3-17; xlii, 17-xlix, 18, lxvi, 11-23) preserved in Syr. manuscripts Add. 17106 of the British Museum, and published by Ceriani. Of the New Testament we have the Second Epistle of St. Peter, the Second and Third Epistles of St. John and the Epistle of St. Jude, all of which are printed in our Syriac Bibles. There remain also a few fragments of the Epistles of St. Paul (Rom., vi, 20; I Cor., i, 28; II Cor., vii, 13; x, 4; Eph., vi, 12), first published by Wiseman from Syr. MS. 153 of the Vatican. Gwynn is of the opinion that the Syriac text of the Apocalypse published by himself in 1897 probably belongs to the original Philoxenian.DUVAL, Litterature Syriaque (3rd ed., Paris, 1907); WRIGHT, A Short History of Syriac Literature (London, 1894); ASSEMANI, Bibliotheca Orientalis, II (Rome, 1719); WISEMAN, Horae Syriacae (Rome, 1828); CERIANI, Monumenta sacra et profana, V (Milan, 1868); RENAUDOT, Liturgiarum orientalium Collectio, II (Frankfort, 1847); MARTIN, Syro-Chaldaicae Institutiones (1873); GUIDI, La Lettera di Filosseno ai monaci di Tell Adda (Rome, 1886); FROTHINGHAM, Stephen bar Sudaili, the Syrian Mystic and the Book of Hierotheos (Leyden, 1886); WALLIS-BUDGE, The Discourses of Philoxenus, Bishop of Mabbogh (2 vols., London, 1894); VASCHALDE, Three Letters of Philoxenus, Bishop of Mabbogh (485-519): being the letter to the monks, the first letter to the monks of Beth-Gaugal, and the letter to Emperor Zeno, with an English translation, and an introduction to the life, works, and doctrine of Philoxenus (Rome, 1902); IDEM, Philoxeni Mabbugens is Tractatus de Trinitate et Incarnatione in Corpus, Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium (Paris, 1907); GWYNN, The Apocalypse of St. John in a Syria Version hitherto unknown (Dublin, 1897); IDEM, Remnants of the later Syriac Versions of the Bible (Oxford, 1909); BAETHGEN, Philoxenus von Mabug uber den Glaubenin Zeitschrift fur Kirchgeschichte, V (1882), 122-38.A. VASCHLADETranscribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to all who transcribe Scripture for the benefit of others
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
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Philoxenus — or Philoxenos (Greek, foreigner lover) is the name of several prominent ancient Greeks:*Philoxenus of Cythera, an ancient Greek dithyrambic poet *Philoxenus of Leucas, a legendary glutton *King Philoxenus, an Indo Greek king *Philoxenus (general) … Wikipedia
Philoxenus — Philoxenus, von der Insel Cythera, von den Spartanern in die Sklaverei verkauft, lebte längere Zeit an dem Hofe des älteren Dionysius zu Syrakus, st. 380 v. Chr. als einer der berühmtesten Dithyrambendichter. Fragmente herausgegeben von Bippart,… … Herders Conversations-Lexikon
PHILOXENUS — I. PHILOXENUS Alexandri M. per loniam, praefectus. Polyaen. l. 6. c. 49. II. PHILOXENUS Athenis quidam mollis et aliorum pellex. Vide Schol. in Aristoph. Vespas. III. PHILOXENUS Consulcum Probo, An. Urb. Cond. 1278. IV. PHILOXENUS Cythereus,… … Hofmann J. Lexicon universale
Philoxenus — (c. 440–523) Bishop and Theologian. Philoxenus was born in Tahal, Persia. He was educated in Edessa where ibas was the Bishop. As a Monophysite, Philoxenus defended zeno’s ‘Henoticon’ and he was appointed Bishop of Hierapolis by peter the… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Philoxenus — Philoxenos bzw. Philoxenus ist der Name folgender Personen: Philoxenos (* um 435 v. Chr.; † 380 v. Chr.); griechischer Dithyrambendichter Philoxenos von Eretria; antiker griechischer Maler des 4. Jahrhunderts v. Chr. Philoxenos; indo griechischer … Deutsch Wikipedia
PHILOXENUS — a Greek poet who lived at the court of Dionysius the Elder, tyrant of Syracuse; condemned to prison for refusing to praise some verses of the tyrant, he was led forth to criticise others, but returned them as worse, begging the officers who… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Philoxenus of Mabbug — Philoxenus (Syriac: sy. ܐܟܣܢܝܐ ܡܒܘܓܝܐ, transl|sem|Aksenāyâ Mabûḡāyâ ) of Mabbog (died 523), was one of the best of Syriac prose writers, and a vehement champion of the Anti Chalcedonian doctrine in the end of the 5th and beginning of the 6th… … Wikipedia
Philoxenus of Cythera — (435 BC ndash;380 BC) was a Greek dithyrambic poet.On the conquest of the island by the Athenians he was taken as a prisoner of war to Athens, where he came into the possession of the dithyrambic poet Melanippides, who educated him and set him… … Wikipedia
Philoxenus (general) — Philoxenus (in Greek Φιλoξενoς) was a Macedonian officer appointed to superintend the collection of the tribute in the provinces north of the Taurus Mountains after Alexander the Great s return from Egypt (331 BC).rf|1|arr 3.6 It would appear,… … Wikipedia
Philoxenus Of Mabbug — ▪ Syrian bishop Syriac Akhsěnāyā born c. 440, , Tahal, Beth Garmaï [near modern Kirkūk, Iraq] died c. 523, , Gangra, Paphlagonia [near modern Samsun, Turkey] Syrian bishop, theologian, and classical author. He was a leader of the Jacobite… … Universalium