- Promulgation• The act by which the legislative power makes legislative enactments known to the authorities entrusted with their execution and to the subjects bound to observe them
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- PromulgationPromulgation† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Promulgation(Lat. promulgare, to make known, to post in public).I. PROMULGATION IN GENERALThis is the act by which the legislative power makes legislative enactments known to the authorities entrusted with their execution and to the subjects bound to observe them. Philosophically it is a matter of dispute whether promulgation is of the essence of a law. It seems indisputable that the essential element of a law is the will of the legislator, but it is clear that the legislator should make known his will and intention in one way or another. This manifestation is the promulgation of the law, which is not necessarily distinct from the very elaboration of the law, provided that this takes place by external acts–such as the vote of a legislative assembly or by royal sanction. Such is the practice observed in England and in most of the states of the American Union, but, as it was thought too severe, the legislation of various countries requires the promulgation of laws by a special formal act, through which the text of the law is made known to the community, e.g. by publication of this text in an official journal or bulletin of the Government. Previous to this publication the law does not take effect. The promulgation of a law must not be confounded with its publication, the object of the first being to make known the will of the legislator, of the second to spread the knowledge of legislative enactments among sujects bound to observe them.II. PROMULGATION IN CANON LAWThe Church has long exacted the promulgation of a law by a special act of the authorities: "Leges instituuntur quum promulgantur", a law is not really a law until it has been made known, says Gratian (Decretum Gratiani, pt. I, c. 3, dist. VII). However, no special form is prescribed for acts of ecclesiastical authorities inferior to the pope, even synodal decrees being considered sufficiently promulgated by being read in the synod. The Constitution "Promulgandi" of Pius X (29 September, 1908) determined the ordinary method of promulgating pontifical laws, namely by the insertion of the text of the law in the "Acta Apostolica Sedis" (the official publication of the Holy See), after the insertion has been ordered by the secretary or the supreme authority of the congregation or the office through the medium of which the pope has passed the law. A regulation of 5 January, 1910, divides the official bulletin of the Holy See into two parts: in the first or official part should be inserted all documents requiring promulgation to have the force of law; the second merely serves to illustrate and supplement the first (Acta Apost. Sedis, 1910, p. 36). However, the pope explicitly reserves the right to determine in exceptional cases another method of promulgation. Prior to this law two systems had been chiefly in use in the Church–provincial promulgation, until the end of the thirteenth century, and Roman promulgation. During the first period promulgation often took place in the different ecclesiastical provinces either through special envoys or through the bishops. Nevertheless it is also a fact that laws binding in one province were also binding in others. During the second period the custom, which became exclusive during the fifteenth century, developed of having the new laws read and posted up by cursores at Rome only, at the doors of the great basilicas, the Palazzo Cancellaria, the Campo de’ fiori, and sometimes at the Capitol. The value of this means of promulgation was disputed in modern times: some claimed that the Church had admitted the arrangements of Novels lxvi and cxvi of Justinian, which required provincial promulgation for some laws; others maintained that in theory publication at Rome was sufficient, but that the popes did not wish to bind the faithful before the laws were made known to them by the bishops; while others appealed to ancient customs, to which the pope should conform. This last theory, made use of by the Gallicans and Febronianists, furnished the State with a pretext for preventing the promulgation of laws which it did not like. A special method of promulgation was also introduced wtih the express or tacit consent of the Holy See for the decrees of congregations; they were published at the secretariate of the dicasteries from which they emanated.ZACCARIA, De varis eccles. præsertim latinæ in promulgandis sacris constitutionibus disciplina in De rebus ad historiam atque antiquitates ecclesiæ pertinentibus dissertationes latinæ, II (Fulginia, 1781), xi; BOUIX, De principiis juris canonici (Paris, 1852), 196 sq.; BOUQUILLON, Theol. moral. fundamentalis (Brussels, 1890), 270 sq.; CREAGH, The Promulgation of Pontifical Law in Cath. Univ. Bull., XV (Washington, 1907), 23 sq.; SIMIER, La promulgation des lois ecclés. in Revue augustinienne, XV (Louvain, 1909), 154 sq.A. VAN HOVE.Transcribed by WGKofron With thanks to St. Mary's Church, Akron, Ohio
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
promulgation — [ prɔmylgasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • v. 1300, rare av. XVIIIe; lat. promulgatio 1 ♦ Action de promulguer; décret par lequel le chef de l exécutif atteste officiellement l existence d une nouvelle loi votée par le corps législatif et en ordonne la mise en… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Promulgation — or enactment is the act of formally proclaiming or declaring new statutory or administrative law when it receives final approval. Explanation After it is approved, the new law is officially announced to the public. Normally, it is accomplished by … Wikipedia
Promulgation — Pro mul*ga tion, n. [L. promulgatio: cf. F. promulgation.] The act of promulgating; publication; open declaration; as, the promulgation of the gospel. South. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
promulgation — index charter (declaration of rights), declaration, divulgation, issuance, notification, proclamation, pronouncement, publication ( … Law dictionary
promulgation — proclamation, declaration, announcement, publication, advertisement, broadcasting (see under DECLARE) … New Dictionary of Synonyms
Promulgation — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Promulgation », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) En droit public, la promulgation est l acte par lequel le chef de l État constate qu une loi a été régulièrement adoptée par le… … Wikipédia en Français
Promulgation — Die Promulgation (lat. promulgare „öffentlich verkünden“) eines Gesetzes bedeutet, dass dieses durch die erste öffentliche Verlesung in Kraft gesetzt wird. Dieser Rechtsakt ist unmittelbar bindend, zumeist wurde er dadurch unterstützt, dass die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
promulgation — (pro mul ga sion ; en vers, de cinq syllabes) s. f. Publication solennelle des lois, suivant les formes requises. Les lois sont exécutoires dans tout le territoire français en vertu de la promulgation qui en est faite par l empereur, Cod. Nap.… … Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré
promulgation — paskelbimas statusas Aprobuotas sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis NATO standartizacijoje – oficialus NATO Standartizacijos agentūros direktoriaus nutarimas, kuriuo, remiantis atsakingosios institucijos arba įgaliotosios atsakingosios institucijos… … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
promulgation — noun 1. the official announcement of a new law or ordinance whereby the law or ordinance is put into effect • Derivationally related forms: ↑promulgate • Hypernyms: ↑announcement, ↑proclamation, ↑annunciation, ↑declaration 2. the formal act of… … Useful english dictionary