Provincial

Provincial
An officer acting under the superior general of a religious order, and exercising a general supervision over all the local superiors in a division of the order called a province.

Catholic Encyclopedia. . 2006.

Provincial
    Provincial
     Catholic_Encyclopedia Provincial
    An officer acting under the superior general of a religious order, and exercising a general supervision over all the local superiors in a division of the order called a province. The division is to a certain extent geographical, and may consist of one or more countries, or of a part of a country only; however, one or more houses of one province may be situated within the territory of another, and the jurisdiction over the religious is personal rather than territorial. The old orders had no provincial superiors; even when the monasteries were united to form congregations, the arch-abbot of each congregation was in the position of a superior general whose powers were limited to particular cases, almost like the powers of an archbishop over the dioceses of his suffragans. Provincials are found in the congregations of comparatively recent formation, which began with the mendicant orders. The Holy See hesitated for a long time before allowing the division of congregations with simple vows, especially congregations of women into different provinces as a regular institution, and some congregations have no such division.
    The provincial is ordinarily appointed by the provincial chapter, subject to confirmation by the general chapter: in the Society of Jesus; he is appointed by the general. The "Regulations" (Normae) of 18 June, 1901, vest the appointment of the provincial in the general council. The provincial is never elected for life, but ordinarily for three or six years. In religious orders he is a regular prelate, and has the rank of ordinary with quasi-episcopal jurisdiction. He appoints the regular confessors, calls together the provincial chapter, presides over its deliberations, and takes care that the orders of the general chapter and the superior general are properly carried out. He is an ex officio member of the general chapter. His principal duty is to make regular visitations of the houses in his province in the name of the general and to report to the latter on all the religious and the property of the order; his authority over the various houses and local superiors differs in different orders. He has in many cases the right of appointment to the less important offices. At the end of his term of office, the provincial is bound, according to the Constitution "Nuper" of Innocent XII (23 Dec., 1697), to prove that he has complied with all the precepts of that decree concerning masses; if he fails to do so, he loses his right to be elected and to vote in the general chapter. In accordance with the privilege granted to the Society of Jesus, the provincial of a religious order is authorized to approve of oratories set apart for the celebration of Mass in the convents of his order; these oratories may receive the blessing usually given to public oratories, and may not be permanently diverted from their sacred uses except for good reason and with the approval of the provincial. In congregations with simple vows and not exempt, the provincial has no power of jurisdiction. According to the "Regulations" of 1901, his duty is also to supervise the financial administration of the provincial procurator and the local superiors.
    A. VERMEERSCH.
    Transcribed by Douglas J. Potter Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. . 1910.


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  • provincial — provincial, iale, iaux [ prɔvɛ̃sjal, jo ] adj. et n. • XIIIe; lat. provincialis 1 ♦ Hist. relig. Qui appartient aux maisons du même ordre dans une province. Pères provinciaux des Jésuites. Subst. masc. Un provincial, père provincial. 2 ♦ Cour.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Provincial — has two basic meanings. It can refer to someone who has a limited, restricted, or non sophisticated mentality or habits, stereotypical of an inhabitant of the provinces (areas distant from the national capital). See: parochialismThe other basic… …   Wikipedia

  • provincial — provincial, ale (pro vin si al, a l ) adj. 1°   Qui appartient à une province. Assemblée provinciale. États provinciaux.    Par moquerie. Qui est de la province et qui ignore les choses de la capitale ou de la cour. •   Madame de Coulanges dit …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • provincial — (Del lat. provinciālis). 1. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a una provincia. 2. m. Religioso que tiene el gobierno y superioridad sobre todas las casas y conventos de una provincia. ☛ V. Administración provincial, Audiencia Provincial, capítulo… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • provincial — PROVINCIÁL, Ă, provinciali, e, s.m. şi f., adj. 1. s.m. şi f. Persoană care locuieşte în provincie sau este originară de acolo; p. ext. persoană cu apucături sau cu deprinderi stângace, naive. 2. adj. Care aparţine provinciei, privitor la… …   Dicționar Român

  • Provincial — Pro*vin cial, a. [L. provincialis: cf. F. provincial. See {Province}, and cf. {Provencal}.] 1. Of or pertaining to province; constituting a province; as, a provincial government; a provincial dialect. [1913 Webster] 2. Exhibiting the ways or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • provincial — adjetivo 1. De la provincia: administración provincial. audiencia* provincial. capítulo* provincial. carretera provincial. diputación* provincial. sustantivo masculino,f. 1. Área: religión Religioso que gobierna las casas de la provincia de una… …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • provincial — [prə vin′shəl, prōvin′shəl] adj. [ME prouyncial < MFr < L provincialis] 1. of or belonging to a province 2. having the ways, speech, attitudes, etc. of a certain province 3. of or like that of rural provinces; countrified; rustic 4.… …   English World dictionary

  • Provincial — Pro*vin cial, n. 1. A person belonging to a province; one who is provincial. [1913 Webster] 2. (R. C. Ch.) A monastic superior, who, under the general of his order, has the direction of all the religious houses of the same fraternity in a given… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • provincial — (adj.) late 14c., pertaining to a province, from Fr. provincial (13c.), from L. provincialis, from provincia (see PROVINCE (Cf. province)). Of the small towns and countryside (as opposed to the capital and urban center) from 1630s, a French idiom …   Etymology dictionary

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