- Raymond VI• Count of Toulouse (1156-1222)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Raymond VIRaymond VI† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Raymond VICount of Toulouse, b. 1156; d. 1222; succeeded his father, Raymond V, in 1195. He was a debauched and sceptical prince, who successively put away three wives, taking as his fourth Jeanne, sister of Richard Coeur de Lion. Loaded with all the benefits of the Church, he showed the greatest benevolence to the heretical Cathares or Albigenses, whom his father had persecuted, refused to molest them, even allowing them to preach before him, and perhaps allied himself with their sect. His court was dissolute, and he took no notice of the reproof of the legate of Innocent III, Pierre de Castelnau, who finally excommunicated him in 1207. But shortly after, an equerry of the count having treasonably killed de Castelnau, Raymond was immediately deposed by the pope. Raymond, frightened into submission, expelled the heretics from his dominions, and on 18 June, 1209, in the presence of the pontifical legate, did public penance before the Church of St-Gilles. When the crusaders, assembled in the north of France, invaded Languedoc, Raymond took part in the Crusade and assisted at the sieges of Beziers and Carcassone in 1209. Returning to Toulouse, Raymond tried to elude his obligations and was excommunicated by the Council of Avignon. He then went to Rome to clear himself of the murder of de Castelnau, and was received by Innocent III, but on his return found his estates entirely overrun by Simon de Montfort. In 1212 he held only Toulouse and Montauban. His brother-in-law, Peter, King of Aragon, came to his rescue, but was killed at the battle of Murat in 1213. In 1215 Simon de Montfort besieged Toulouse and Narbonne. Instead of organizing resistance, Raymond had negotiated with the pontifical legates, who made him the most humiliating propositions. Deprived of his estates, he retired to England, later appearing at the Lateran Council (1215), where he sought to interest Innocent III in his favour. The pope, however, ceded the estates of Raymond to Simon de Montfort, reserving for his son only the Marquessates of Provence and Beaucaire. An exile in Aragon, Raymond VI reassembled his troops, and took Toulouse (7 November, 1217), later defending it successfully against Simon de Montfort, who was killed 25 June, 1218. Before his death Raymond VI had wrested from Amaury de Montfort nearly all the conquests of his father.Transcribed by Michael T. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
Raymond — is a name of Germanic origin, from the name Reginmund , composed of the elements ragin ( counsellor ) and mund ( protector ). This was the name of several saints, including Saint Raymond Nonnatus, the patron of midwives and expectant mothers, and … Wikipedia
Raymond — steht für: Raymond (Vorname) (Namensträger siehe dort), Variante von Raimund Raymond (Familienname) – Namensträger siehe dort Raymond (Automobilhersteller), ehemaliger französischer Automobilhersteller A Raymond Group, Automobilzulieferer im… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Raymond — Raymond, NE U.S. village in Nebraska Population (2000): 186 Housing Units (2000): 75 Land area (2000): 0.128276 sq. miles (0.332234 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.128276 sq. miles (0.332234 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Raymond IV — de Toulouse Raymond IV de Toulouse, par Merry Joseph Blondel. Salles des croisades, Versailles Raymond IV (ou VI)  de Toulouse, dit Raymond de Saint Gilles († 1105) est un comte de Sa … Wikipédia en Français
Raymond — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ramón hace referencia a: Abreviatura científica del botánico Louis Florent Marcel Raymond (1915 1972) Raymond Aron, sociólogo, filósofo y publicista francés Raymond Carver, escritor estadounidense Raymond Duchamp… … Wikipedia Español
RAYMOND (A. G.) — RAYMOND ALEXANDER GILLESPIE (1909 1956) Né à New Rochelle, dans l’État de New York, Alexander Gillespie Raymond entre comme employé de bureau dans une agence de Wall Street spécialisée dans les tractations boursières, alors qu’il a des dons… … Encyclopédie Universelle
RAYMOND (M.) — RAYMOND MARCEL (1897 1981) Écrivain et universitaire suisse de langue française, Marcel Raymond est l’auteur d’une des œuvres critiques les plus fécondes de notre siècle. Après une licence d’histoire à Genève, il vient à Paris entre 1920 et 1925… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Raymond IV — Raymond IV, of Saint Gilles † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Raymond IV, of Saint Gilles Count of Toulouse and of Tripoli, b. about 1043; d. at Tripoli in 1105. He was the son of Raymond III, Pons, and in 1088 succeeded his brother, William… … Catholic encyclopedia
RAYMOND IV — dit RAYMOND DE SAINT GILLES (1042 1105) comte de Toulouse (1088 1105) Fils cadet de Pons, comte de Toulouse, comte de Rouergue (1066) puis comte de Toulouse (1088), son frère aîné, le comte Guillaume, lui ayant cédé son comté avant de partir en… … Encyclopédie Universelle
RAYMOND (J. A.) — RAYMOND JEAN ARMAND (1742 1811) Élève de J. F. Blondel et de Soufflot, le Toulousain Raymond remporta le premier prix d’architecture en 1766. Prolongeant son séjour à Rome par un long voyage à travers toute l’Italie (1769 1776), il étudia… … Encyclopédie Universelle