- Raymond Martini• Dominican, theologian and Orientalist (1220-1284)
Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.
- Raymond MartiniRaymond Martini† Catholic_Encyclopedia ► Raymond MartiniDominican, theologian, Orientalist, b. at Subirats, Catalonia, c. 1220; d. after July, 1284. In 1250 he was selected by his superiors to study oriental languages, in 1264 became a member of the commission appointed by Jaime I of Aragon to censure the writings possessed by the Jews, and subsequently preached to the Moors in Spain and Tunis. Returning to Barcelona (1269) he successfully taught the oriental languages and wrote against the Jews and Moors. His chief work, "Pugio Fidei Christianae" completed after 1278, printed in Paris, 1651, and Leipzig, 1687, is written in Latin and Hebrew. It appeals to the Hebrew scriptures and ancient rabbinical writings to prove the truth of Christianity against the Jews. The work, which clearly indicates that Raymond Martini was extremely well-read in Hebrew literature, is much valued on account of its citations from the Talmud and other sources, and has also been highly esteemed as a polemical source. It is not probable, however, that it was known and used by St. Thomas Aquinas. Martini's other works are the recently discovered "Explanatio simboli apostolorum ad institutionem fidelium edita", written about 1256, of which important fragments were edited by Denifle, and two polemical works also antedating the "Pugio Fidei", but both lost, "Summa contra Alcoranum" and "Capistrum Judaeorum".QUETIF-ECHARD, Script. Ord. Proed., I, 396; TOURON, Hist. des hommes illus. de l'Ordre de St. Dom., I, 489-504; MANDONNET, Siger de Brabant, I (Louvain, 1908), 47, 53, 315; II (Louvain, 1911), 28-9; DOUAIS, Essai sur l'organisation des etudes dans l'ordre des Freres Precheurs au treizieme et au quatorzieme siecle (Paris, 1884), 135-140; Jewish Encycl., VIII (New York, 1906), 351; Journal of Philology, XVI (1887), 131-52; Zeitschrift fur Hebr. Bibl. (1902-3).J.A. McHUGHTranscribed by Thomas M. Barrett Dedicated to the Poor Souls in Purgatory
The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume VIII. — New York: Robert Appleton Company. Nihil Obstat. 1910.
Look at other dictionaries:
MARTINI, RAYMOND° — (1220–1285), Spanish Dominican friar and polemicist. Born in Subirat, Catalonia, Raymond lived for a long time in a monastery in Barcelona, temporarily also in Tunis where he engaged in missionary activity among Jews and Arabs. He studied Hebrew… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Raymond Blot — est un acteur français. Filmographie 1926 : L Agonie de Jérusalem de Julien Duvivier Jean Baptiste 1927 : Genêt d Espagne de R. Gérard Ortvin 1931 : Le Train des suicidés de Edmond T. Gréville Joshua Brown 1931 : Gagne ta vie… … Wikipédia en Français
Raymond Sommer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sommer. Raymond Sommer, 1933 Raymond Sommer, surnommé le sanglier des Ardennes, (né le 31 … Wikipédia en Français
Derick Martini — Born December 2, 1975 New York City Occupation Director, Screenwriter, Editor Derick Patrick Martini (born December 2, 1975) is an American screenwriter and film director. Contents 1 … Wikipedia
Ramón Martí — [Ramon Marti, Raimondo Martí, Raimundus Marti, Raymundo Martini, Raymond Martin, Raymund Martin, Raymond Martini, Raymundus Martini.] was a thirteenth century Catalan Dominican monk and theologian. He is remembered for his polemic work Pugio… … Wikipedia
Raimond Martin — (alias Ramón Martí, Ramon Marti, Raimondo Martí, Raimundus Marti, Raymundo Martini, Raymond Martin, Raymund Martin, Raymond Martini, Raymundus Martini) est un dominicain catalan du XIIIe siècle, et disputateur religieux, principalement connu pour … Wikipédia en Français
Ramón Martí — Raimond Martin Raimond Martin (alias Ramón Martí, Ramon Marti, Raimondo Martí, Raimundus Marti, Raymundo Martini, Raymond Martin, Raymund Martin, Raymond Martini, Raymundus Martini) est un dominicain catalan du XIIIe siècle, et disputateur… … Wikipédia en Français
HEBRAISTS, CHRISTIAN — (1100–1890). Factors governing gentile enterprises in Hebrew scholarship prior to the latest phase of more widespread secular attitudes may be distinguished as (1) motivation; (2) scholarly facilities; and (3) occasion; appreciation and… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
DOMINICANS — DOMINICANS, Roman Catholic religious order, whose official name is Ordo Fratrum Praedicatorum, the Order of Friar Preachers. Often referred to as Jacobins, after their Saint Jacques Monastery in Paris, they were also popularly known as domini… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
BARCELONA, DISPUTATION OF — BARCELONA, DISPUTATION OF, religious disputation between Jews and Christians in 1263. The apostate (Paulus (Pablo) Christiani)(retrieve.do?inPS=true&prodId=GVRL&userGroupName=humboldt&tabID=&contentSet=GALE&docId=GALE%7CCX2587504286) proposed to… … Encyclopedia of Judaism